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As per available reports 128 Conference Proceedings, 2 Journals, 2 Upcoming Conferences and 41 National symposiums are presently dedicated exclusively to Ergonomics and about 104 articles are being published on Ergonomics.
Ergonomics (or human factors) is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance. Ergonomics derives from two Greek words: ergon, meaning work, and nomoi, meaning natural laws, to create a word that means the science of work and a person’s relationship to that work. Practitioners of ergonomics and ergonomists contribute to the design and evaluation of tasks, jobs, products, environments and systems in order to make them compatible with the needs, abilities and limitations of people. Ergonomics helps harmonizing things that interact with people in terms of people’s needs, abilities and limitations.
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Scope and Importance:
Domains of specialization within the discipline of ergonomics are broadly the following;
Physical ergonomics is concerned with human anatomical, anthropometric, physiological and biomechanical characteristics as they relate to physical activity. (Relevant topics include working postures, materials handling, repetitive movements, work related musculoskeletal disorders, workplace layout, safety and health.)
Cognitive ergonomics is concerned with mental processes, such as perception, memory, reasoning, and motor response, as they affect interactions among humans and other elements of a system. (Relevant topics include mental workload, decision-making, skilled performance, human-computer interaction, human reliability, work stress and training as these may relate to human-system design.)
Organizational ergonomics is concerned with the optimization of sociotechnical systems, including their organizational structures, policies, and processes. (Relevant topics include communication, crew resource management, and work design, design of working times, teamwork, participatory design, community ergonomics, cooperative work, new work paradigms, virtual organizations, telework, and quality management.)
Many people suffer because their conditions at work and home are incompatible with their needs, abilities and limitations. This situation affects their safety and welfare, as well as, that of organizations and societies. High technology can make our lives more efficient and exciting. However, fascination with technology and overly ambitious business expectation can cause us to overlook human factors risks. Neglecting these risks can have serious effects on manufacturers, suppliers and service enterprises. Therefore, ergonomics and human factors will be more important in postmodern era than when it was first introduced in the nineteenth century
The conference gathers attendees from around the world to share best practices with other professionals in ergonomics, healthcare, safety, human resources and risk management. Ergonomics is a community within IIE, an international, non-profit association that provides leadership for the application, education, training, research, and development of industrial engineers, human factors/ergonomics professionals, healthcare providers and related professions.
From the survey conducted among employees in production department it is understood that the ergonomic factors have high relevance with the employee satisfaction. The following steps can be taken to improve these factors.
A. Working Environment
The working environment deals with the factors such as dust, sound and temperature. From the survey, factors contribute 71% (dust), 81% (temperature) and 61%(sound). It should be properly maintained by providing disposable type safety masks. Provide an environment which is less noisy by using new soundless machines and provide correct safety measures from the noise. The asbestos roof causes high temperature rise in the production department along with the heat emission from the machines causes continuous yarn breakage in hot days. This will create stress in the workers this will affect the work, so use proper temperature controlling devices.
B. Working Time
The working time includes two factors i.e. the wage system and the shift. From the response of the employees it is found that wage system contributes 74% and Shift contributes 67%.The 12 hour shift will allow earning more salary; it is the motivational part due to the wage system adopted. The long hour shift will cause back pain and other health issues, so the reduction of the shift from 12 hour to 10 hours will be more effective.
The working condition of machines also has a great effect on the performance of the worker. From the survey conducted it is found that the ergonomic factor machine contributes 90% response. The sizing machine has a serious problem of lack of tension in regular intervals of time this will cause the weakening of the cotton yarn. So the machine should be replaced. High quality raw materials should be used for the production process. The preventive maintenance should be done properly.
D. Yarn Breakage and Industrial Safety
Yarn Breakage cannot be avoided but it can be controlled to a certain limit, by using reliable machines and providing sufficient temperature controlling devices. The sprinkler is not in working condition, so replace or repair the sprinkler this will reduce the yarn breakage to an extent. The company should strictly follow the rules regarding safety that is the compulsory use of the safety measures.
List of major Associations and Societies on Ergonomics:
1. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
2. International Ergonomics Association
3. Indian Society of Ergonomics
4. Nordic Ergonomics Society
5. Ergonomics Society of Australia (ESA)
6. Chinese Ergonomics Association
7. Irish Ergonomics Society (IES)
8. The Ergonomics Society
9. Turkish Ergonomics Society
10. New Zealand Ergonomics Society
11. Polish Ergonomics Society
12. Japan Ergonomics Society
13. Finnish Ergonomics Society
14. Brazilian Ergonomics Association
15. Hungarian Ergonomics Society
1. Workrite Ergonomics
2. Hu-Tech Ergonomics Human Factors
3. Performance Based Ergonomics, Inc
4. Anderson Ergonomics Consulting Inc.
5. Humanscale Consulting
6. Ergonomic Technologies Corporation
7. Sound Ergonomics
8. Bay Area Ergonomics
This page will be updated regularly.
This page was last updated on 14th Sep, 2015
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