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Cell biology (formerly cytology, from the Greek kytos, "contain") is a scientific discipline that studies cells – their physiological properties, their structure, the organelles they contain, interactions with their environment, their life cycle, division and death. This is done both on a microscopic and molecular level. Cell biology research encompasses both the great diversity of single-celled organisms like bacteria and protozoa, as well as the many specialized cells in multicellular organisms such as humans, plants, and sponges. Cells may be observed under the microscope, using several different techniques; these include optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, fluorescence microscopy, and confocal microscopy. There are several different methods used in the study of cells:Cell culture is the basic technique of growing cells in a laboratory independent of an organism. Immunostaining, also known as immunohistochemistry, is a specialized histological method used to localize proteins in cells or tissue slices. Unlike regular histology, which uses stains to identify cells, cellular components or protein classes, immunostaining requires the reaction of an antibody directed against the protein of interest within the tissue or cell.ConferenceSeries through its Open Access Initiative is committed to make genuine and reliable contributions to the scientific community. ConferenceSeries hosts over 400 leading-edge peer reviewed Open Access journals and has organized over 300 scientific conferences all over the world. OMICS Publishing Group journals have over 3 million readers and the fame and success of the same can be attributed to the strong editorial board which contains over 30000 eminent personalities and the rapid, quality and quick review processing. ConferenceSeries Conferences make the perfect platform for global networking as it brings together renowned speakers and scientists across the globe to a most exciting and memorable scientific event filled with much enlightening interactive sessions, world class exhibitions and poster presentations.
Each type of protein is usually sent to a particular part of the cell. An important part of cell biology is the investigation of molecular mechanisms by which proteins are moved to different places inside cells or secreted from cells. Most proteins are synthesized by ribosomes in the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER). Ribosomes contain the nucleic acid RNA, which assembles and joins amino acids to make proteins. They can be found alone or in groups within the cytoplasm as well as on the RER. This process is known as protein biosynthesis. Biosynthesis (also called biogenesis) is an enzyme-catalyzed process in cells of living organisms by which substrates are converted to more complex products (also simply known as protein translation). Some proteins, such as those to be incorporated in membranes (known as membrane proteins), are transported into the RER during synthesis. This process can be followed by transportation and processing in the Golgi apparatus. The Golgi apparatus is a large organelle that processes proteins and prepares them for use both inside and outside the cell. The Golgi apparatus is somewhat like a post office. It receives items (proteins from the ER), packages and labels them, and then sends them on to their destinations (to different parts of the cell or to the cell membrane for transport out of the cell).From the Golgi, membrane proteins can move to the plasma membrane, to other sub-cellular compartments, or they can be secreted from the cell. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi can be thought of as the "membrane protein synthesis compartment" and the "membrane protein processing compartment", respectively. There is a semi-constant flux of proteins through these compartments. ER and Golgi-resident proteins associate with other proteins but remain in their respective compartments. Other proteins "flow" through the ER and Golgi to the plasma membrane. Motor proteins transport membrane protein-containing vesicles along cytoskeletal tracks to distant parts of cells such as the axon terminals of neurons. Number of Companies related to cell biology are eight in number. Conferences/Workshops/Symposiums which are going to held in upcoming year are nine in number.
•“Chinese Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Annual Meeting” 21st -23rdAugust 2014,Xiamen China
•“Cytokines 2014”, 26th -29th October 2014,Melbourne Australia
•“10th International Conference on Bio-Organic Chemistry”11th -15th January 2015,India
•“5th World Congress on Cell Science & Stem Cell Research”23th -25th March, 2015 Chicago,USA
•“4th International Conference and Exhibition on Cell & Gene Therapy” 17th -19th August 2015,UK
•“3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Cell & Gene Therapy” 27th -29th October 2014, Las Vegas,USA
•“The Dynamic Cell”,4th -7th September 2014,Cambridge,UK
•“The molecular and cellular basis of regeneration and tissue repair”, 6th -10th September 2014,Saint Feliu de Guixols,Spain
•“EMBO Practical Course—Current methods in cell biology”14th-22nd September 2015,Heidelberg,Germany
Relevant Associations and Societies
American Society of Cell Biology
Indian Society of Cell Biology
British Society of Cell Biology
German Society of Cell Biology
Chinese society for cell biology
Chilean society for cell biology
Philippine society for cell biology
Canadian society for cell biology
Major Companies of Cell Biologyare Lancaster Laboratories, Millennium Pharmaceuticals Inc, PrioBio, Array BioPharma, Origene, Alexion Pharmaceuticals and ImmunoGen Inc. which are actively participate in the cell research.
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This page was last updated on October 18, 2021