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A Biomaterials is any matter, surface, or construct that interacts with biological systems as a science; biomaterial is about fifty years old. It has experienced steady and strong growth over its history. With many companies investing large amounts of money into the development of new products. Biomaterials science encompasses elements of medicine, biology, chemistry, tissue engineering and materials science which has broad range of career opportunity.
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Scope and Importance
Biomaterials can be derived either from nature or synthesized in the laboratory using a variety of chemical approaches utilizing metallic components, polymers composite materials or ceramic. It is often used and/or adapted for a medical application and thus comprises whole or part of a living structure or biomedical device. It performs augments or replaces a natural function. Such functions may be benign, like being used for a heart valve, or may be bioactive with a more interactive functionality such as hydroxyl-apatite coated with hip implants. For example, a construct with impregnated products can be placed into the body, which permits the prolonged release of a drug over an extended period of time. A biomaterial may also be an auto graft, allograft or xenograft used as a transplant materials. Biomaterials are also used every day in dental applications, surgery and drug delivery system.
Biomaterials can be defined as inorganic or organic materials that are biocompatible and can be implanted in the human body to replace or repair failing tissue. Biomaterials do not have to be living or once living materials however. They can be of synthetic origin as well. For example-shunts and pacemakers are both considered biomaterials. Biomaterials used to either bypass clogged arteries or provide new pathways for the circulatory system. They tend to have the advantage of remaining sound and not disintegrating. However, since they are not living, such shunts placed in children may be outgrown and require replacement. Other common biomaterials are used in plastic surgery applications. Calf, breast, cheek, chin, and buttocks implants are all considered to be biomaterials. Occasionally, plastic surgeons will harvest either fat or skin from a patient’s body to be used in another part of a body. Skin graphs are frequently used to cover scarring, and are most helpful in covering large areas of burned skin, which tends not to regenerate new skin tissue.
The "Biomaterials Market [By Products (Polymers, Metals, Ceramics, Natural Biomaterials) & Applications (Cardiovascular, Orthopedic, Dental, Plastic Surgery, Wound Healing, Tissue Engineering, Ophthalmology, Neurology Disorders)] - Global Forecasts To 2017" analyzes and studies the major market drivers, restraints, and opportunities in North America, Europe, Asia, and Rest of the World. The report studies the global biomaterial market over the forecast period of 2012-2017. The global market for biomaterials is estimated at $44.0 billion in 2012 and is poised to grow at a CAGR of 15% from 2012 to 2017 to reach $88.4 billion by 2017.
The top steel producing companies are as follows
Societies and Association on Biomaterials
Companies associated with Biomaterials
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This page was last updated on March 4, 2024