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Stem Cell is an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism which is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation. It has the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types in the body during early life and growth. In addition, in many tissues they serve as a sort of internal repair system, dividing essentially without limit to replenish other cells as long as the person or animal is still alive. When a stem cell divides, each new cell has the potential either to remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, such as a muscle cell, a red blood cell, or a brain cell.
Stem cells are distinguished from other cell types by two important characteristics. First, they are unspecialized cells capable of renewing themselves through cell division, sometimes after long periods of inactivity. Second, under certain physiologic or experimental conditions, they can be induced to become tissue- or organ-specific cells with special functions. In some organs, such as the gut and bone marrow, stem cells regularly divide to repair and replace worn out or damaged tissues. In other organs, however, such as the pancreas and the heart, stem cells only divide under special conditions.
Laboratory studies of stem cells enable scientists to learn about the cells’ essential properties and what makes them different from specialized cell types. Scientists are already using stem cells in the laboratory to screen new drugs and to develop model systems to study normal growth and identify the causes of birth defects.
Research on stem cells continues to advance knowledge about how an organism develops from a single cell and how healthy cells replace damaged cells in adult organisms. Stem cell research is one of the most fascinating areas of contemporary biology, but, as with many expanding fields of scientific inquiry, research on stem cells raises scientific questions as rapidly as it generates new discoveries
Given their unique regenerative abilities, stem cells offer new potentials for treating diseases such as diabetes, and heart disease. However, much work remains to be done in the laboratory and the clinic to understand how to use these cells for cell-based therapies to treat disease, which is also referred to as regenerative or reparative medicine. Stem cells are important for living organisms for many reasons. In the 3- to 5-day-old embryo, called a blastocyst, the inner cells give rise to the entire body of the organism, including all of the many specialized cell types and organs such as the heart, lung, skin, sperm, eggs and other tissues. In some adult tissues, such as bone marrow, muscle, and brain, discrete populations of adult stem cells generate replacements for cells that are lost through normal wear and tear, injury, or disease.
The global market for stem cell products was $3.8 billion in 2011. This market is expected to reach nearly $4.3 billion in 2012 and $6.6 billion by 2016, increasing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.7% from 2011 to 2016.
2. 9th Diabetelogist Medicare Confernce,
June 06-08, 2016 Dallas, USA
3. 2nd Hepatology Conference
May 09-11, 2016 Chicago, Illinois, USA
4. Synthetic Biology Conference
September 28-30, 2015 Houston, USA
5. World Biosummit and Expo
November 02-04, 2015 Dubai, UAE
10. Cytopathology Conference
August 11-12, 2016 Birmingham , UK
15. 6th Euro Virology Conference
March 10-12, 2016 Madrid, Spain
16. Biomaterials Conference
March 14-16, 2016 London, UK
17. Proteomics Conference
March 29-30, 2016 Atlanta, USA
18. Oral Pathology Conference
April 4-6, 2016 Philadelphia, USA
19. 4th Blood Malignancies Conference,
April 18-20, 2016 Dubai,UAE
21. Tissue Engineering Conference,
Sep 8-10, London,UK.
22. 3rd German Stem Cell Conference,
Sep 09-11,2015, University of Frankfurt, USA.
23. Stem Cell Biology Conference,
Oct 7-11,2015, Stanford,USA.
24. Stem Cell Epigenetics Conference,
Sep 20-22,2015, Stiges,Spain.
25. Stem Cell Biology Conference,
Oct 11-12,2015, Osaka,Japan.
26. Stem Cells Development and Management Conference,
Nov 30-Dec 02,2015, Phitsanulok,Thailand.
1. International Society for Stem Cell Research
2. Stem Cell Society Singapore
3. International Society for Cellular Therapy
4. Europe's stem cell hub
5. Israel Stem Cell Society
6. ISEH - Society for Hematology and Stem Cells
7. The International Placenta Stem Cell Society
8. The Australasian Society for Stem Cell Research
9. Stem Cell Transplant - American Cancer Society
10. Student Society for Stem Cell Research: SSSCR
11. DASCS - Danish Stem Cell Society
1. Cynata Therapeutics
5. Cardio3 Biosciences
6. Orthocyte (BioTime)
8. International Stem Cell
9. Targazyme, Inc. California
10. StemCells Inc
12. Avalanche Biotechnologies
13. Cook General BioTechnology (Cook)
15. Advanced Cell Technology
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This page was last updated on January 18, 2020