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HIV tests are used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), in serum, saliva, or urine. Such tests may detect antibodies, antigens, or RNA. Global HIV Testing Conference is exceptional gathering for all those involved in the field of HIV.
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There are a number of tests that are used to find out whether a person is infected with HIV. These include the HIV antibody test, p24 antigen test and rapid tests. These tests are sometimes used in combination. There are other types of HIV testing which are used once a person has been diagnosed with the virus, such as the CD4 test and the viral load test. There is a grave importance in HIV testing because not only is it important to your health, but it also helps to prevent the spread of HIV to other individuals including yourself. If you test negative, you can take steps to stay that way. If you find out that you are infected with HIV, treatment can slow down the progress of the virus. If you are pregnant, you also will be able to help prevent passing HIV to your baby. You can tell your sex partners if you have HIV and protect them from getting the virus. In addition, while no cure currently exists for HIV, there are a number of treatments that might help lessen the effects that can be done when HIV has been positively identified.
An estimated 850,000–950,000 individuals in the United States are living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Approximately 40,000 new HIV infections occur each year in the United States. One fourth of individuals living with HIV are unaware that they have the virus. HIV transmission cannot be eliminated if individuals do not know their HIV status (i.e., whether they are HIV positive or HIV negative). An HIV test is the only way to determine if a person is living with the virus. Once an individual knows s/he is living with HIV, safer behaviors may be practiced to reduce or eliminate the likelihood of transmission.
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This page was last updated on February 26, 2024