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Robotic surgery, computer-assisted surgery, and robotically-assisted surgery are terms for technological developments that use robotic systems to aid in surgical procedures. Robotically-assisted surgery was developed to overcome the limitations of minimally-invasive surgery and to enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery.
In the case of robotically-assisted minimally-invasive surgery, instead of directly moving the instruments, the surgeon uses one of five methods to control the instruments; either a direct tele manipulator or through computer control. A tele manipulator is a remote manipulator that allows the surgeon to perform the normal movements associated with the surgery whilst the robotic arms carry out those movements using end-effectors and manipulators to perform the actual surgery on the patient. In computer-controlled systems the surgeon uses a computer to control the robotic arms and its end-effectors, though these systems can also still use tele manipulators for their input. One advantage of using the computerised method is that the surgeon does not have to be present, but can be anywhere in the world, leading to the possibility for remote surgery.
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Scope and Importance:
In the case of enhanced open surgery, autonomous instruments (in familiar configurations) replace traditional steel tools, performing certain actions (such as rib spreading) with much smoother, feedback-controlled motions than could be achieved by a human hand. The main object of such smart instruments is to reduce or eliminate the tissue trauma traditionally associated with open surgery without requiring more than a few minutes' training on the part of surgeons. This approach seeks to improve open surgeries, particularly cardio-thoracic, that have so far not benefited from minimally-invasive techniques.
Robotic surgery have significant applications in the following surgeries General surgery, Cardiothoracic surgery, Cardiology and electrophysiology, Colon and Rectal Surgery, Gastrointestinal surgery, Gynaecology, Neurosurgery, Orthopaedics, Radiosurgery, Transplant Surgery, Vascular surgery.
Worldwide, 2015 to 2021 research report says surgical robot device markets at $3.2 billion in 2014 are anticipated to reach $20 billion by 2021 as next generation devices, systems, and instruments are introduced to manage surgery through small ports in the body instead of large open wounds.
Relevant Associations and Societies:
1.Society of Robotic Surgery
2.Clinical Robotic Surgery Association
3.WJ Weiser & Associates, Inc.
4.Advancing minimally Invasive Gynecology
5.The royal society of Medicine
6.Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons(SAGES)
7.CRSA - Clinical Robotic Surgery Association
8.International school of Robotic Surgery
9.The Official Medical Robotics News Center for AVRA Surgical Robotics Inc.
10.Minimally Invasive Robotic Association
11.Clinical Robotic Surgery Association Fifth Worldwide Congress, Washington
Companies associated with Robotic surgery:
1.2013 Update on Robotic Surgery Across Disciplines
2.Robotic Gynecology Surgery: Patient safety and Advanced Techniques.
3.The 3rd Asian Robotic Camp for Colorectal Surgeons
4.Leaping Forward: Lisbon International Clinical Congress (Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery)
5.Basic Course of Robotic Surgery (Italian)
6.Course on Vats and Robot-assisted Surgery in Thoracic Oncology
7.Digestive Surgery New Trends and Spending Review
8.4th European Basic Course on Robotic Thyroidectomy
9.Robotic Master Class in Bariatric Surgery
10.2nd Asia-CRSA Advanced Robotic Sub-specialty Training Course
11.Geriatrics and bariatrics: tips and tricks for successful robotic surgery in the elderly and obese.
12.Robotic surgery in the elderly
13.Robotic Surgery, The Canadian Perspective
14.Impact of obesity on robotic surgery for endometrial cancer
15.Prospective evaluation of surgical outcome following robotic surgery
This page will be updated regularly.
This page was last updated on 11th Sep, 2015