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Surgery is an ancient medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas (for example, a perforated Ear Drum).
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Scope and Importance:
An act of performing surgery may be called a surgical procedure, operation, or simply surgery. In this context, the verboperate means to perform surgery. The adjective surgical means pertaining to surgery e.g. surgical instruments or surgical nurse. The patient or subject on which the surgery is performed can be a person or an animal. A surgeon is a person who practises surgery. Persons described as surgeons are commonly physicians, podiatrists, dentists (known as oral and maxillofacial surgeons) and veterinarians. A surgery can last from minutes to hours, but is typically not an ongoing or periodic type of treatment. The term surgery can also refer to the place where surgery is performed, or simply the office of a physician, dentist, or veterinarian.
Elective surgery generally refers to a surgical procedure that can be scheduled in advance because it does not involve a medical emergency. Plastic or cosmetic surgeries are common elective procedures. As a general rule, a procedure is considered surgical when it involves cutting of a patient's tissues or closure of a previously sustained wound. Other procedures that do not necessarily fall under this rubric, such as angioplasty or endoscopy, may be considered surgery if they involve "common" surgical procedure or settings, such as use of a sterile environment, anesthesia, antiseptic conditions, typical surgical instruments, and suturing or stapling. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "non-invasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being excised (e.g. laser ablation of the cornea) or to a radiosurgical procedure (e.g. irradiation of a tumour).
Types of surgery:
Surgical procedures are commonly categorized by urgency, type of procedure, body system involved, degree of invasiveness, and special instrumentation.
•Based on timing: Elective surgery is done to correct a non-life-threatening condition, and is carried out at the patient's request, subject to the surgeon's and the surgical facilities availability. Emergency surgery is surgery which must be done promptly to save life, limb, or functional capacity. A semi-elective surgery is one that must be done to avoid permanent disability or death, but can be postponed for a short time.
•Based on purpose: Exploratory surgery is performed to aid or confirm a diagnosis. Therapeutic surgery treats a previously diagnosed condition.
•By type of procedure: Amputation involves cutting off a body part, usually a limb or digit; castration is also an example. Resection is the removal of all or part of an internal organ or part of the body. Replantation involves reattaching a severed body part. Reconstructive surgery involves reconstruction of an injured, mutilated, or deformed part of the body. Cosmetic surgery is done to improve the appearance of an otherwise normal structure. Excision is the cutting out or removal of an organ, tissue, or other body part from the patient. Transplant surgery is the replacement of an organ or body part by insertion of another from different human (or animal) into the patient. Removing an organ or body part from a live human or animal for use in transplant is also a type of surgery.
•By body part: When surgery is performed on one organ system or structure, it may be classed by the organ, organ system or tissue involved. Examples include cardiac surgery (performed on the heart), gastrointestinal surgery (performed within the digestive tract and its accessory organs), and orthopedic surgery (performed on bones and/or muscles).
•By degree of invasiveness: Minimally invasive surgery involves smaller outer incision(s) to insert miniaturized instruments within a body cavity or structure, as in laparoscopic surgery or angioplasty. By contrast, an open surgical procedure or laparotomy requires a large incision to access the area of interest.
•By equipment used: Laser surgery involves use of a laser for cutting tissue instead of a scalpel or similar surgical instruments. Microsurgery involves the use of an operating microscope for the surgeon to see small structures. Robotic surgery makes use of a surgical robot, such as the Da Vinci or the Zeus surgical systems, to control the instrumentation under the direction of the surgeon.
Globally the aesthetic medical and surgical market was valued at some 4.3 billion euros in 2012 and is expected to rise to some 6.6 billion euros by 2018. The United States made up almost half of this market. Caucasian individuals consisted of a significant share of the cosmetic procedures performed in the United States. In 2013, cosmetic procedures performed on this group made up 78 percent of the total procedures in the country. Cosmetic procedures in Asia are becoming more prominent as well.
International symposium and workshops
1) International symposium for Paediatric surgery
2) 3rd International symposium for Piezosurgery
3) S.O.R.G Symposium on Cutting Edge Technologies in OMF Surgery
1.4th Surgery Conference
October 05-07, Dubai UAE
November 30-December 02, San Antonio USA
October 24-25, Chicago USA
4.7th World Cardiothoracic Meeting
March 29-30, Atlanta USA
5.8th Global Cardiologists Annual Meeting
July 18-20, Berlin Germany
September 22-24, Las Vegas USA
April 25-27, Dubai UAE
Sept 12-14, Berlin Germany
May 12-14, 2016 Chicago, USA
10.3rd Global Experts Meeting on Weight Loss
September 19-21, Vienna Austria
November 3-4, Istanbul Turkey
August 15-16, Oregon USA
March 28-29, Atlanta USA
November 30-December 01, Georgia USA
October 03-05, Miami USA
March 31-April 01, Valencia Spain
December 07-08, Philadelphia USA
October 26-28, Maryland USA
April 25-27, Dubai UAE
20.11th Tremblant Vascular Surgery Meeting
21.13th Asia Congress of Endoscopic & Laparoscopic Surgery (ELSA)
22.13th Office Based Vein Surgery: International Vein Conference IVC
23.25th Australasian Gynaecological Endoscopy & Surgery Annual Scientific Meeting (AGES)
24.25th Peripheral Vascular Surgery Society PVSS Annual Winter Meeting
25.28th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST)
26.30th Annual British Virgin Islands Plastic Surgery Workshop
27.31st American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery Annual Meeting (AACS)
28.31st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery (AACS)
29.38th Annual Meeting of the Southern Association for Vascular Surgery SAVS
30.42nd Annual Meeting of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
31.44th American Association for Hand Surgery Annual Meeting (AAHS)
32.44th American Association for Hand Surgery Annual Scientific Meeting AASH
33.49th Annual Trauma, Critical Care & Acute Care Surgery Conference
34.4th Emerging Techniques in Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine & Arthroscopic Surgery (ETO)
35.4th Emerging Techniques in Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine, and Arthroscopic Surgery
36.4th International Advances in Surgery Conference
37.5th American Society of Reconstructive Microsurgery Annual Meeting (ASRM)
Relevant Society and Associations:-
•Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons
•American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
•American College of Surgeons
•Royal Australasian College of Surgeons
•Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
•Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
•American College of Surgeons
•Ambulatory Surgery Centre Association (ASCA)
•American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS)
•American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons - ASCRS
•Society of Lapro-endoscopic Surgeons, Inc.
•Society of Thoracic Surgeons
•American Surgical Association: ASA
•American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - AAOS
•The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma
•American Association of Neurological Surgeons
•Becton, Dickinson and Company
•Kirwan Surgical Products
•MAQUET Getinge Group
•Mediflex Surgical Products
•Aspen Surgical Products
•Surgical Specialties Corporation
This page will be updated regularly.
This page was last updated on June 19, 2021