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Quantum theory is the theoretical basis of modern physics that explains the nature and behavior of matter and energy on the atomic and subatomic level. The foundation was laid by the German physicist Max Planck, who postulated in 1900 that energy can be emitted or absorbed by matter only in small, discrete units called quanta. Also fundamental to the development of quantum mechanics was the uncertainty principle, formulated by the German physicist Werner Heisenberg in 1927, which states that the position and momentum of a subatomic particle cannot be specified simultaneous Max Planck presented his quantum theory to the German Physical Society. Planck had sought to discover the reason that radiation from a glowing body changes in color from red, to orange, and, finally, to blue as its temperature rises. He found that by making the assumption that energy existed in individual units in the same way that matter does, rather than just as a constant electromagnetic wave - as had been formerly assumed - and was therefore quantifiable, he could find the answer to his question. The existence of these units became the first assumption of quantum theory.
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The framework in which quantum mechanics and special relativity are successfully reconciled is called quantum field theory. It is based on three basic principles: two of them, of course, are quantum mechanics and special relativity. The third one, which I wish to emphasize, is the postulate that elementary particles are point-like objects of zero intrinsic size. In practice, they are smeared over a region of space due to quantum effects, but their descripton in the basic equations is as mathematical points. Now the general principles on which quantum field theory are based actually allow for many different consistent theories to be constructed. Quantum Field Theory (QFT) is the mathematical and conceptual framework for contemporary elementary particle physics. In a rather informal sense QFT is the extension of quantum mechanics (QM), dealing with particles, over to fields, i.e. systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom. (See the entry on quantum mechanics.) In the last few years QFT has become a more widely discussed topic in philosophy of science, with questions ranging from methodology and semantics to ontology. QFT taken seriously in its metaphysical implications seems to give a picture of the world which is at variance with central classical conceptions of particles and fields, and even with some features of QM.
Beginning with several basic hypotheses of quantum mechanics, we give a new quantum model in econophysics. In this model, we define wave functions and operators of the stock market to establish the Schrödinger equation for the stock price. Based on this theoreticalframework, an example of a driven infinite quantum well is considered, in which we use a cosine distribution to simulate the state of stock price in equilibrium. After adding an externalfield into the Hamiltonian to analytically calculate the wave function, the distribution and the average value of the rate of return are shown. In terms of research annually, USA, India, Japan, Brazil and Canada are some of the leading countries where maximum studies related to Technology management are being carried out. “Quantum theory involves the application of quantum mechanics in physical models and experiments of chemical systems.
June 27-29, 2016 New Orleans, USA
Laser Technology Conference
July 28-29, 2016 Berlin, Germany
International Conference on Post-Quantum Cryptography
February 24-26, 2016, Fukuoka, Japan
Many-body Physics in Synthetic Quantum Systems
April 4–8 2016, Stellenbosch, Western Cape , South Africa
18th Quantum Mechanics and Nuclear Physics,
March 30 - 31, 2016, Prague, Czech Republic
8th Molecular Quantum Mechanics
June 26-July 1, 2016, Uppsala, Sweden
Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering
21-23 March 2016, London, UK
4-8 JulyNational University, Singapore.
Quantum Information Processing
January 10-16, 2016, Banff Centre, Alberta
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This page was last updated on September 25, 2021