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As per available reports about 300 relevant Journals, 4 Conferences, 317 symposiums, are presently dedicated y to Mesoscopic physics and about 300 open access articles are being published on Mesoscopic physics
Mesoscopic Physics is a sub-discipline of condensed matter physics. It deals with materials of an intermediate length scale which can be described as being between the size of a quantity of atoms, such as a molecule, and of materials measuring micrometers. The lower limit can also be defined depending upon the size of individual atoms. Bulk materials are present at the micrometer level. Both mesoscopic and macroscopic objects contain a large number of atoms.
Thus, quantum mechanical properties of a device start to reveal when a macroscopic device scaled down to a meso-size. For example, the conductance of a wire at the macroscopic level increases continuously with its diameter. Mesoscopic devices are constructed, measured, and observed experimentally during research and theoretically in order to advance understanding of the physics of semiconductors, insulators, metals, and superconductors. Building of nano-devices is the one of the applications of mesoscopic physics we can say.
Mesoscopic physics also addresses fundamental practical problems which occur when a macroscopic object is miniaturized, as with the miniaturization of transistors in semiconductor electronics. As their size approaches the nanoscale, the physical properties of materials change where the percentage of atoms at the surface of the material becomes significant. Mesoscopic physics has primarily dealt with artificial structures of metal or specifically semiconducting material. This has been done by a technique called fabrication, employed for producing microelectronic circuits.
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Scope and Importance
The aim of Mesoscopic Physics meetings is to bring together a multi-disciplinary group of scientists and engineers to present and exchange breakthrough ideas relating to the applied physics and applications of quantum optics, soft matters, organic electronics and other various fields of condensed matter physics. It promotes top-level research and to globalize the quality research in general, thus making discussions, presentations and contributions more internationally competitive and focusing attention on the outstanding achievements in the field optics, conductors and others.
Mesoscopic physics has been an active research field since the 1980s, and has enabled us to elucidate the quantum mechanical nature of electrons by utilizing modern nano-fabrication technologies for semiconductors. Recent theoretical and experimental developments have deepened insight on mesoscopic systems, and also strengthened relationship with other research fields such as nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, quantum information, many-body quantum theory, fundamental theory of quantum mechanics, and so on. Physics of spintronics has also been evolving since the discovery of giant magnetoresistance in 1988. It now covers all the spin-related phenomena such as pure spin currents, spin injection, spin transfer torque, spin Hall effect, and so on. The spintronic physics is not only a basis of practical technologies, but also provides a variety of fundamental concepts relevant to mesoscopic physics such as spin diffusion, spin currents, Berry phases, and phenomena originated from spin-orbit interaction.
Related Societies and associations
• The American Association of Physicists in Medicine AAPT
• The International Association of Mathematical Physics (IAMP)
• International Astronomical Union
• International Centre for Theoretical Physics
• The International Liquid Crystal Society
• The international society for optics and photonics (IUPAB)
• International Union of Crystallography
• International Union of Materials Research societies
• The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
• Materials Research Society
• International Organization of Chinese Physicists and Astronomers
• Society of Non-Linear and Dynamics Econometrics
• The American Ceramic Society
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This page was last updated on June 19, 2021