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As per available reports about 8 relevant journals, 16 Conferences proceedings, 3 conferences are presently dedicated exclusively to breathing disorder and about 2,070 articles are being published on breathing disorder.
A Pleural effusion is an abnormal amount of fluid around the lung. Pleural effusions can result from many medical conditions. Most pleural effusions are not serious by themselves, but some require treatment to avoid problems.
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Scope and Importance
The pleura is a thin membrane that lines the surface of the lungs and the inside of the chest wall outside the lungs. In pleural effusions, fluid accumulates in the space between the layers of pleura. Normally, only teaspoons of watery fluid are present in the pleural space, allowing the lungs to move smoothly within the chest cavity during breathing.
Numerous medical conditions can cause pleural effusions. Some of the more common causes are:
• Congestive heart failure
• Liver disease
• End-stage renal disease
• Nephrotic syndrome
• Pulmonary embolism
• Lupus and other autoimmune conditions
Excessive fluid may accumulate because the body does not handle fluid properly (such as in congestive heart failure, or kidney and liver disease). The fluid in pleural effusions also may result from inflammation, such as in pneumonia, autoimmune disease, and many other conditions.
Symptoms of Pleural Effusions
Pleural effusions often cause no symptoms. Symptoms are more likely when a pleural effusion is moderate or large-sized, or if inflammation is present. Symptoms of pleural effusions may include:
• Shortness of breath
• Chest pain, especially on breathing in deeply (pleurisy, or pleuritic pain)
Diagnosis of Pleural Effusions
Most often, pleural effusions are discovered on imaging tests. Common tests used to identify pleural effusions include: Chest X-ray film, Computed tomography (CT scan) and Ultrasound Once a pleural effusion is identified on imaging, a fluid sample is usually taken to determine the pleural effusion's character and seriousness. In a procedure called thoracentesis, a doctor inserts a needle and a catheter between the ribs, into the pleural space. A small amount of fluid is withdrawn for testing; a large amount can be removed simultaneously to relieve symptoms.
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1) 2nd Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine Conference
May 09-10, 2016 Chicago, USA
2) 5th Global Respiratory and Pulmonologist Conference
November 17-18, 2016 Dubai, UAE
3) Respiratory Therapy Conference
October 3-5, 2016 Tornoto, Canada
4) 4th Lung & Respiratory Care Conference
August 01-03, 2016 Manchester, UK
5) International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
6) Lung Science Conference 2016
7) Lung Science Conference
8) The Union World Conference on Lung Health
9) Lung Development, Injury & Repair Conference 2015
10) Respiratory Critical Care and Sleep Diseases Conference
11) World Conference on Lung Health
12) Immunity in the Respiratory Tract: British Columbia Canada.
13) 15th world conference on Lung Cancer Held in Sydney, Australia.
14) 14th Annual International Lung Cancer Congress® Held in Hyatt Regency Huntington Beach Huntington Beach, CA .
15) Pathology of Emphysema Organized by University of British Columbia Held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Related Societies and Associations
1) American Lung Association
2) Canadian Lung Association
3) British Lung Foundation
4) Lung Foundation Australia
5) American Thoracic Society
6) Respiratory Health Association
7) Krames Patient education and American Lung Association
8) European Respiratory Society Congress 2014
9) American Association for Respiratory Care
10) Canadian Society of Respiratory Therapists
11) Ontario Respiratory Care Society
12) Respiratory Therapy Society of Ontario
13) British Medical Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, London.
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This page was last updated on February 18, 2020