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As per available reports about 10 relevant journals, 15 Conferences, 30 workshops are presently dedicated exclusively to Microbial Transformations and about 2,070 articles are being published on aging brain.Microbial Transformations.
Biotransformation processes when carried with plant cells produces a variety of novel compounds such as cardiac glycosides, digoxin, benzyl isoquinoline. The use of non-aqueous solvents continues to enhance the usefulness of microbial biocatalysts. Microbial transformations are attractive because they possess the ability of duplicating their biomass very quickly and thus producing cost effective metabolites. The industrially important microorganisms in the production of secondary metabolites are fungi and actinomycetes.
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Scope and Importance
Microbes have been used to produce products for thousands of years. Even in ancient times, vinegar was made by filtering alcohol through wood shavings, allowing microbes growing on the surfaces of the wood pieces to convert alcohol to vinegar. Likewise, the production of wine and beer uses another microbe — yeast — to convert sugars to alcohol. Even though people did not know for a long time that microbes were behind these transformations, it did not stop them from making and selling these products.
Microbial transformation is defined as the biological process of modifying an organic compound into a reversible product. It involves the use of chemically defined enzyme catalyzed reactions in the living cells. The advantage of biotransformation processes over chemical processes is that they provide high specificity to attack exact site on the substrate and for a single isomer of the product. Chemical reactions involved in microbial transformations include oxidation, reduction, acylation, phosphorylation, methylation, hydrolysis, amination, halogenations, glycosylation. One of the major applications of microbial transformation is in the production of secondary metabolites. Microbial biocatalysts have significant applicability in the methodological development of novel immobilization techniques.
The major product class of fermentation chemicals consists of alcohols, enzymes and organic acids. Fermentation chemicals are utilized in variety of applications in a wide range of chemical processes in industries such as alcohol industry, pharmaceutical industry, food and beverages industry, chemical industry, textile industry and rubber industry among others. The revenue generated by the global fermentation chemicals market was USD 41,567.7 million in 2012 which is expected to reach USD 60,123.9 million by 2019, growing at a CAGR of 5.4% from 2013 to 2019.
Relevant Society and Associations
1.American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
2.ASCPT American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
3.ASGT American Society of Gene Therapy
4.European Association of Pharma Biotechnology
5.European Biopharmaceutical Enterprises
6.European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations
7.Japan Bioindustry Association
2.A & V Envirotech
3.General Environmental Science Corp
8.Genesis Biosciences, Inc.
13.Eli Lilly & Co
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This page was last updated on March 31, 2020