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Medicine for VomitingMedicine for vomiting he term vomiting describes the forceful expulsion of the contents of the stomach via the mouth or sometimes the nose, also known of as emesis. The causes of vomiting are as wide ranging as those for nausea and include anything from food poisoning or gastritis to head injuries and brain cancer. Nausea is the discomfort that is felt before vomiting but not all nausea actually results in vomiting.
Regurgitation is a different condition from vomiting and the term regurgitation usually means expulsion of the undigested food from the food pipe or esophagus into the mouth, with none of the forceful expulsion or discomfort that is associated with nausea. The two conditions are different as are their underlying causes.
Causes of vomiting: Vomiting, like nausea, is a symptom rather than a disease in itself. Sometimes it is the body's only way to eject a harmful or poisonous substance.
Gastrointestinal disorders such as gastro esophageal reflux disease, ulcer, celiac, Crohn's disease, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis and liver disease, Motion sickness and disorders of the inner ear, Morning sickness associated with pregnancy, Medications including cancer chemotherapy.
Complications: People need immediate treatment for vomiting if they have been vomiting continuously for more than 24 hours, have been unable to keep down fluids for 12 hours or more, are expelling green, brown or red vomit, or are expelling undigested foods while suffering from severe abdominal pain. Prolonged vomiting may lead to dehydration and lack of essential electrolytes in the body.
Diagnosis and treatment: Vomiting is a symptom of an underlying condition that needs to be diagnosed for treatment to be effective, Medications called antiemetic may help reduce nausea and vomiting by speeding up the emptying of the gut to relieve the nausea and uncomfortable feeling of fullness in the stomach, Examples include metoclopramide and domperidone, Severe vomiting due to cancer chemotherapy and anesthetic agents may be relieved with the use of ondansetron, promethazine, dimenhydrinate, dexamethasone or droperidol. Pregnancy induced vomiting and nausea may be relieved with the use of doxylamine.
Causes in the digestive tract: Gastritis (inflammation of the gastric wall), Gastroenteritis, Gastro esophageal reflux disease, Pyloric stenosis (in babies, this typically causes a very forceful "projectile vomiting" and is an indication for urgent surgery), Bowel obstruction, Overeating, Acute abdomen and/or peritonitis, Ileus, Food allergies (often in conjunction with hives or swelling), Cholecystitis, pancreatitis, appendicitis, hepatitis, Food poisoning, In children, it can be caused by an allergic reaction to cow's milk proteins (Milk allergy or lactose intolerance).Sensory system and brain, Intoxication is one cause of vomiting.
Causes in the sensory system movement: motion sickness (which is caused by overstimulation of the labyrinthine canals of the ear).
Causes in the brain: Concussion, Cerebral hemorrhage, Migraine, Brain tumors, which can cause the chemoreceptor’s to malfunction benign intracranial hypertension and hydrocephalus, Metabolic disturbances (these may irritate both the stomach and the parts of the brain that coordinate vomiting), Hypocalcaemia (high calcium levels), Uremia (urea accumulation, usually due to renal failure), Adrenal insufficiency, Hypoglycemia, Hyperglycemia Pregnancy, Hyper emesis, Morning sickness, Drug reaction (vomiting may occur as an acute somatic response to) Alcohol (being sick while being drunk or being sick the next morning, suffering from the after-effects, i.e., the hangover), opioids, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, many chemotherapy drugs, some entheogens (such as peyote or ayahuasca), Norovirus (Formerly Norwalk virus or Norwalk agent) Swine Flu.
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Number of Conferences, National Symposiums, and Workshops: Seven Conferences, Four Symposiums and Three workshops were held in different places. Companies: One in Asia, Two in USA, One in Europe, Three in Australia
Biology and Control of Nausea and Vomiting
Pitt Conference Brings Together International Experts in Nausea Vomiting.
Association and Societies:
American cancer society
Society for Ambulatory Anesthesiology
European society for medical oncology
American society of clinical oncology
American Gastroenterological Association
Cyclic vomiting syndrome association UK.
Canadian drug saver
Salix pharmaceuticals, Inc
National cancer institute
Courtagen enabling precision medicine.
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This page was last updated on October 22, 2021