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The eye is a slightly asymmetrical globe, about an inch in diameter. The front part of the eye (the part you see in the mirror) includes:
• The iris (the pigmented part)
• The cornea (a clear dome over the iris)
• The pupil (the black circular opening in the iris that lets light in)
• The sclera (the white part)
• The conjunctiva (a thin layer of tissue covering the front of the eye, except the cornea)
Just behind the iris and pupil lies the lens, which helps to focus light on the back of the eye. Most of the eye is filled with a clear gel called the vitreous. Light projects through the pupil and the lens to the back of the eye. The inside lining of the eye is covered by special light-sensing cells that are collectively called the retina. The retina converts light into electrical impulses. Behind the eye, the optic nerve carries these impulses to the brain. The macula is a small extra-sensitive area within the retina that gives central vision. It is located in the center of the retina and contains the fovea, a small depression or pit at the center of the macula that gives the clearest vision. Being the most sensitive part of the human body, its care and effectiveness plays an important role for keeping the sight normal. This makes the eye reason for the focused research interest.
Some of the current research on eye focuses on : Eye movements during reading: some current controversies, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, Effect of astaxanthin on cataract formation induced by glucocorticoids in the chick embryo, Influence of Pseudophakic Lens Capsule Opacification on Spectral Domain and Time Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Image Quality, Clearance of Intravitreal Daptomycin in Uveitis-Induced Rabbit Model, Distribution and Presumed Proliferation of Macrophages in Inflammatory Diseases of the Ocular Adnexae, Meibomian Gland Dropout in Patients with Dry Eye Disease in China, Matricellular Protein Thrombospondins: Influence on Ocular Angiogenesis, Wound Healing and Immune regulation, Intravenous Infusion of Mesenchyme Stem/Stromal Cells Decreased CCR7+ Antigen Presenting Cells in Mice with Corneal Allotransplantation, TLR4 Contributes to the Host Response to Klebsiella Intraocular Infection, Level of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor 165b in Human Aqueous Humo and Occupational Exposure to Lead Decreases Macular, Choroid, and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness in Industrial Battery Workers.
Scope and Importance:
According to a study it is estimated that around 48% of world population is blind because of cataract and more than 60 million people suffer from glaucoma and it is estimated that the number would rise to 80 million by the end of 2020. Ageing population is the leading cause for refractive error problem in countries like the USA and Europe, it is noticed that the refractive error problem is mostly seen in population ageing more than 40 years.
According to WHO:
Changing trends in diet and lifestyle as well as increased longevity are growing the market for ophthalmological treatments: the global ophthalmic device market is expected to reach $28 billion by 2016 exhibiting a 2.5% compound annual growth rate from 2009 to 2016, according to GBI Research.
“The worldwide ophthalmic products market exceeds $22 billion (US) and is growing at more than 10% per year. Without the inclusion of consumer eye care products, the ophthalmic products market is roughly a $17 billion market.” Rising of demand for ophthalmic devices and expanding healthcare coverage in emerging economies will increase sales to 2024.The medical device market of Europe is mainly comprised of medical equipments such as consumables, orthopaedic devices, dental devices, respiratory devices, and ophthalmic devices which are manufactured in Germany, France, the UK, Italy and Spain. The demand for medical devices has been growing owing to a mounting awareness for early diagnosis and treatment of countless disease states in European countries. The key countries that have contributed significantly to the Europe medical devices market during 2008-2013 include Germany, UK , Spain and France. Germany is one of the major European markets and it has been observed that the country contributes immensely to the exports of medical devices. The overall medical devices market in Europe is projected to reach EUR ~ million in 2018, augmenting at a CAGR of 3.9% during 2013-2018.
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6th Ophthalmologists Meeting
May 16-18, 2016 Osaka, Japan
7th European Ophthalmology Conference
June 16-18, 2016 Alicantae, Spain
8th Ophthalmology Meeting
July 18-20, 2016 Chicago, USA
9th Ophalmic Conference
October 27-27, 2016 Istanbul, Turkey
10th Ophthalmology Conference
November 28-30, 2016 Dubai, UAE
7th Biomarkers Conference
November 28-30, 2016 Baltimore, USA
Global Pharma Expo
October 10-12, 2016 Dubai, UAE
4th Clinical Pharmacy Conference
October 31-November 01, 2016 Las Vegas, USA
Upcoming International conferences on Eye
In addition to the conferences being held across the globe on eye there are thousands of NGOs and care centers which pertains donation and care of human eye across the globe for the people in need. Some of the care centers and Associations supporting eye are as follows :
1. National Eye Institute, USA
2. American Academy of Ophthalmology
3. American Optometric Association
4. Low Vision Rehabilitation Centers
5. American Council of the Blind
6. Association for Education & Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired
7. Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind
8. American Printing House for the Blind
9. Eye Bank association of America
10. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Some of the companies focusing eye care are :
1. Alcon Vision Care
2. EyeMed vision care
3. Brien Holden Vision Institute
4. CIBA vision care
5. Bosch & Lomb
6. Eye diseases
This page will be updated regularly.
This page was last updated on February 22, 2024