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As per available reports about 5 relevant Journals and 8 Conferences are presently dedicated exclusively to Automotive Engineering and about 55 open-access articles and 30 conference proceedings are being published on Automotive Engineering.
Automotive Engineering, along with aerospace engineering and marine engineering, is a branch of automobile engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to Automotive Industry, Aerodynamics, Automobile Engineering, Biodiesel etc.
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Scope and Importance:
Automobile Engineering is applied to the automotive engineering design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles, buses and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems and encompasses major engineering stream like Mechanical Engineering, Electrical & electronics Engineering, Software Engineering, Safety Engineering, Industrial Engineering etc.
Some of the engineering attributes and disciplines that are of importance to the automotive engineer and many of the other aspects are included in it:
Safety engineering: Safety engineering is the assessment of various crash scenarios and their impact on the vehicle occupants. These are tested against very stringent governmental regulations. Some of these requirements include: seat belt and air bag functionality testing, front and side impact testing, and tests of rollover resistance.
Fuel economy/emissions: Fuel economy is the measured fuel efficiency of the vehicle in miles per gallon or kilometers per liter. Emissions testing include the measurement of vehicle emissions, including hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and evaporative emissions.
Vehicle dynamics: Vehicle dynamics is the vehicle's response of the following attributes: ride, handling, steering, braking, comfort and traction. Design of the chassis systems of suspension, steering, braking, structure (frame), wheels and tires, and traction control are highly leveraged by the vehicle dynamics engineer to deliver the vehicle dynamics qualities desired.
NVH engineering (noise, vibration, and harshness): NVH is the customer's feedback ,both tactile (felt) and audible (heard) from the vehicle. While sound can be interpreted as a rattle, squeal, or hoot; a tactile response can be seat vibration, or a buzz in the steering wheel. This feedback is generated by components either rubbing, vibrating, or rotating.
Vehicle Electronics: Automotive electronics is an increasingly important aspect of Automobile engineering. Modern vehicles employ dozens of electronic systems. These systems are responsible for operational controls such as the throttle, brake and steering controls; as well as many comfort and convenience systems such as the HVAC, infotainment, and lighting systems.
Performance: Performance is a measurable and testable value of a vehicles ability to perform in various conditions. Performance can be considered in a wide variety of tasks, but it's generally associated with how quickly a car can accelerate (e.g. standing start 1/4 mile elapsed time, 0–60 mph, etc.), its top speed, how short and quickly a car can come to a complete stop from a set speed (e.g. 70-0 mph), how much g-force a car can generate without losing grip, recorded lap times, cornering speed, brake fade, etc.
Growth in global automotive production is likely to remain at around+4% per year in 2014 and 2015, with an increase in production in China, India, and Mexico at the expense of Europe. Production is even expected to exceed 100 million vehicles by 2017. The major component manufacturers, which are essential for auto makers, have relocated to follow production and register healthy levels of profitability.
BCG predicts that, by 2016, one-third of world demand in automobile industry will be in the four BRIC markets (Brazil, Russia, India and China). Other potentially powerful automotive markets are Iran and Indonesia.
According to a J.D. Power study, emerging markets accounted for 51% of the global light-vehicle sales in 2010. The study expects this trend to accelerate. Emerging auto markets already buy more cars than established markets.
Relevant Society and Associations
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This page was last updated on February 23, 2024