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As per available reports about, 685 Conference Proceedings, 212 Open Access Articles, 6 Journals, and Workshops have been conducted and are to be organized all across the globe. Topics like Power and Generation of heat, Renewable energy by biosystem engineering, Bioprocess control parameters.
An oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity, and is a form of pollution. The term is usually applied to marine oil spills, where oil is released into the ocean or coastal waters, but spills may also occur on land. Oil spills may be due to releases of crude oil from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs and wells, as well as spills of refined petroleum products (such as gasoline, diesel) and their by-products, heavier fuels used by large ships such as bunker fuel, or the spill of any oily refuse or waste oil.
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Spilt oil penetrates into the structure of the plumage of birds and the fur of mammals, reducing its insulating ability, and making them more vulnerable to temperature fluctuations and much less buoyant in the water. Cleanup and recovery from an oil spill is difficult and depends upon many factors, including the type of oil spilled, the temperature of the water (affecting evaporation and biodegradation), and the types of shorelines and beaches involved. Spills may take weeks, months or even years to clean up.
National symposium and workshops provide participants with an advanced or updated review of the most novel, recent developments in research, treatment and management of various sectors of petroleum refinery. The conference is unfasten to all petroleum and chemical engineers, geologists, researchers, petrochemists, environmentalists and company R&D professionals.
The Spill Control Association of America was organized in 1973 to actively promote the interests of all groups within the spill response community. Our organization represents spill response contractors, manufacturers, distributors, consultants, instructors, government & training institutions and corporations working in the industry.
The following new goals were established by the Board of Directors this past year:
To grow membership by appealing to a broader cross-section of the environmental response/remediation industry.
To focus on SCAA's resources to support the interests of its members and prospective members in an ever-changing market place faced with challenges of a more stringent regulatory atmosphere.
To provide a unique forum for networking where members of SCAA can mutually address a range of issues and concerns with a wider audience.
Membership in SCAA includes spill control contactors, manufacturers, distributors, consultants and government agencies.
Scope and Importance
Natural gas (and similar gaseous fuels) are lightly pressurized into liquids knows as Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs). Small NGL processing facilities can be located in oil fields so the butane and propane liquid under light pressure of 125 pounds per square inch (860 kPa), can be shipped by rail, truck or pipeline. Propane can be used as a fuel in oil fields to heat various facilities used by the oil drillers or equipment and trucks used in the oil patch. EG: Propane will convert from a gas to a liquid under light pressure under 40 psi (280 kPa), give or take depending on temperature, and is pumped into cars and trucks at less than 125 psi (860 kPa) at retail stations. Pipelines and rail cars use about double that pressure to pump at 250 psi (1,700 kPa).
It is uncertain when the first crude oil pipeline was built. Credit for the development of pipeline transport is disputed, with competing claims for Vladimir Shukhov and the Branobel company in the late 19th century, and the Oil Transport Association, which first constructed a 2-inch (51 mm) wrought iron pipeline over a 6-mile (9.7 km) track from an oil field in Pennsylvania to a railroad station in Oil Creek, in the 1860s. Pipelines are generally the most economical way to transport large quantities of oil, refined oil products or natural gas over land.
The distance to ship propane to markets is much shorter as thousands of NGL processing plants are located in oil fields or close by when a number of pipelines tie into each other from various relatively close fields. Many Bakken Basin oil companies in North Dakota, Montana, Manitoba and Saskatchewan gas fields separate the NGL's in the field, allowing the drillers to sell propane directly to small wholesalers, eliminating the large refinery control of product and prices for propane or butane.
Petroleum refining processes are the chemical engineering processes and other facilities used in petroleum refineries (also referred to as oil refineries) to transform crude oil into useful products such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), gasoline or petrol, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil and fuel oils. Petroleum refineries are very large industrial complexes that involve many different processing units and auxiliary facilities such as utility units and storage tanks. Each refinery has its own unique arrangement and combination of refining processes largely determined by the refinery location, desired products and economic considerations. There are most probably no two refineries that are identical in every respect. Some modern petroleum refineries process as much as 800,000 to 900,000 barrels (127,000 to 143,000 cubic meters) per day of crude oil.
Petroleum engineering is ideally the science of exploration and extraction of petroleum based hydrocarbons like crude oil, natural gas and other energy forms from the earth for economic purposes. Petroleum engineering can only be undertaken through the design, drilling and successful operation of the wells and their systems.
Petroleum is vital to many industries, and is of importance to the maintenance of industrial civilization in its current configuration, and thus is a critical concern for many nations. Oil accounts for a large percentage of the world’s energy consumption, ranging from a low of 32% for Europe and Asia, to a high of 53% for the Middle East.
Other geographic regions' consumption patterns are as follows: South and Central America (44%), Africa (41%), and North America (40%). The world consumes 30 billion barrels (4.8 km³) of oil per year, with developed nations being the largest consumers. The United States consumed 25% of the oil produced in 2007. The production, distribution, refining, and retailing of petroleum taken as a whole represents the world's largest industry in terms of dollar value.
During the period of 2009-2014, the global petroleum market has generated about $5 trillion in revenue and has posted a strong growth of 11.9%. During the same period the U.S market generated $730 billion in revenue and has generated a growth of 7.6%. According to a survey the projected oil demand of Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries is expected to increase from 9.5 million barrel per day in 2015 to 11.9 million barrels per day in 2035.
List of Best International Conferences:
3. Biomass Conference
Conference October 10-12, 2016 Dubai, UAE
4.Pipeline Technology Conference
23-25 May 2016,Berlin,Germany.
• European Petroleum Industry Association
•American Fuel and Petrochemic,bral Manufacturer
•Society of Petroleum Engineers
•Independent Petroleum Association of America
•American Association of Petroleum Geologists
•The Petroleum Marketers Association of America
•US Oil and Gas Association
•Petroleum Motor Transport Association
•Spill Control Association of America
•Association of Oil Pipelines
•International Association for Energy Economics
•The Petroleum Marketers Association of America
• Buckeye Partners
• Crude oil pipelines companies
• Koch Industries
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This page was last updated on February 23, 2024