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As per available reports Skeletal Muscle Involves 1 journal, 93 Conferences, 15 National Symposiums are presently dedicated exclusively to Skeletal Muscle and about 42 Open Access Articals are being published on Skeletal Muscle.
Skeletal muscle is a form of striated muscle tissue which is under the control of the somatic nervous system; that is to say, it is voluntarily controlled. It is one of three major muscle types, the others being cardiac and smooth muscle. Skeletal Muscle Entities like Diet and Physical Health, Rehabilitation Techniques, Exercise and Trauma, Biosciences in Rehabilitation, Cancer and Rehabilitation. As their name suggests, most skeletal muscles are attached to bones by bundles of collagen fibers known as tendons. Skeletal muscle is made up of individual components known as myocytes, or "muscle cells", sometimes colloquially called "muscle fibers". They are formed from the fusion of developmental myoblasts (a type of embryonic progenitor cell that gives rise to a muscle cell) in a process known as myogenesis.
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Scope and Importance:
Skeletal muscle architecture is the structural property of whole muscles that dominates their function. This review describes the basic architectural properties of human upper and lower extremity muscles. The designs of various muscle groups in humans and other species are analyzed from the point of view of optimizing function. Muscle fiber arrangement and motor unit arrangement is discussed in terms of the control of movement. Finally, the ability of muscles to change their architecture in response to immobilization, eccentric exercise, and surgical tendon transfer is reviewed.
The myofibers are in turn composed of myofibrils. The myofibrils are composed of actin and myosin filaments repeated in units called as arcomere, the basic functional unit of the muscle fiber. The sarcomere is responsible for skeletal muscle's striated appearance and forms the basic machinery necessary for muscle contraction. The term muscle refers to multiple bundles of muscle fibers held together by connective tissue. Individual muscle fibers are formed during development from the fusion of several undifferentiated immature cells known as myoblasts into long, cylindrical, multi-nucleated cells. Differentiation into this state is primarily completed before birth with the cells continuing to grow in size thereafter. Skeletal muscle exhibits a distinctive banding pattern when viewed under the microscope due to the arrangement of cytoskeletal elements in the cytoplasm of the muscle fibers. The principal cytoplasmic proteins are myosin and actin (also known as "thick" and "thin" filaments, respectively) which are arranged in a repeating unit called a sarcomere. The interaction of myosin and actin is responsible for muscle contraction. Every single organelle and macromolecule of a muscle fiber is arranged to ensure form meets function. The plasma membrane is called the sarcolemma with the cytoplasm known as the sarcoplasm. In the sarcoplasm are the myofibrils. The myofibrils are long protein bundles about 1 micrometer in diameter each containing myofilaments. Pressed against the inside of the sarcolemma are the unusual flattened myonuclei. Between the myofibrils are the mitochondria. While the muscle fiber does not have a smooth endoplasmic reticulum, it contains a sarcoplasmic reticulum. The sarcoplasmic reticulum surrounds the myofibrils and holds a reserve of the calcium ions needed to cause a muscle contraction. Periodically, it has dilated end sacs known as terminal cisternae. These cross the muscle fiber from one side to the other. In between two terminal cisternae is a tubular infolding called a transverse tubule (T tubule). T tubules are the pathways for action potentials to signal the sarcoplasmic reticulum to release calcium, causing a muscle contraction. Together, two terminal cisternae and a transverse tubule form a triad. Another group of cells, the myosatellite cells are found between the basal lamina and sarcolemma of muscle fibers.
Skeletal muscle is known as "voluntary muscle" and is attached to bone by tendons. Skeletal muscles are involved in maintaining skeletal movement and maintaining posture. These cells regenerate through proliferation of myoblasts and fusion of myoblasts is specific to skeletal muscle tissue. Skeletal muscle myoblasts can be identified via expression of FGF receptor and IGF expression increases during myoblast differentiation in culture.
International symposium and workshops:
1. Fifth Euro-India International Conference on Holistic Medicine (ICHM-2015), September 11-13, 2015, Kottayam, Kerala.
2. 15th International Conference “Ayurveda & Autoimmune Disorders”October 9-11, 2015, San Jose, CA.
3. 16th International conference on “Ayurveda & Psychiatry” September 18 & 19, 2015, Vevey, Switzerland.
List of Best International Conferences:
5. Podiatrist Meeting on Foot and Ankle Surgery
August 15-16, 2016 Oregon, USA
8. Surgery Conference
October 05-07, 2015 ,UAE
17. 3rd Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Conference
July 11-12,2016 Brisbane, Australia.
Relevant Society and Associations:
1. Alliance for Natural Health
2. Alternative Medicine Foundation
3. American Academy of Medical Acupuncture
4. American Association of Oriental Medicine
5. American Holistic Medical Association
6. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
7. National Institute of Ayurvedic Medicine
8. Natural Healers
9. Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation
10. National Vaccine Information Center
11. National College of Naturopathic Medicine
12. National Center for Homeopathy
15. American Institute of Homeopathy.
1. Tendon Technology, Ltd.
2. Therapeutic Alliances, Inc
5. ProScan Imaging
6. Prentke Romich Company
7. Orbital Research
This page will be updated regularly.
This page was last updated on 11th Sep, 2015
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