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Cancer Chemotherapy


What is chemotherapy?

The word chemotherapy means the use of any drug (such as aspirin or penicillin) to treat any disease, but to most people chemotherapy refers to drugs used for cancer treatment. It’s often shortened to “chemo.” Two other medical terms used to describe cance r chemotherapy are antineoplastic (meaning anti-cancer) therapy and cytotoxic (cell-killing) therapy.

The first drug used for cancer chemotherapy did not start out as a medicine. Mustard gas was used as a chemical warfare agent during World War I and was studied further during World War II. During a military operation in World War II, a group of people were accidentally exposed to mustard gas and were later found to have very low white blood cell counts.

Doctors reasoned that something that damaged the rapidly growing white blood cells might have a similar effect on cancer. So, in the 1940s, several patients with advanced lymphomas (cancers of certain white blood cells) were given the drug by vein, rather than by breathing the irritating gas. Their improvement, although temporary, was remarkable.

That experience led researchers to look for other substances that might have similar effects against cancer. As a result, many other drugs have been developed.

The goals of chemotherapy
There are 3 possible goals for chemotherapy treatment:

Cure: If possible, chemotherapy is used to cure the cancer, meaning that the cancer disappears and does not return. However, most doctors do not use the word “cure” except as a possibility or intention. When giving treatment that has a chance of curing a person’s cancer, the doctor may describe it as treatment with curative intent. But there are no guarantees, and though cure may be the goal, it doesn’t always work out that way. It often takes many years to know if a person’s cancer is actually cured.

Control: If cure is not possible, the goal may be to control the disease — to shrink any cancerous tumors and/or stop the cancer from growing and spreading. This can help someone with cancer feel better and possibly live longer. In many cases, the cancer does not completely go away but is controlled and managed as a chronic disease, much like heart disease or diabetes. In other cases, the cancer may even seem to have gone away for a while, but it’s expected to come back.

Palliation: When the cancer is at an advanced stage, chemotherapy drugs may be used to relieve symptoms caused by the cancer. When the only goal of a certain treatment is to improve the quality of life but not treat the disease itself, it’s called palliative treatment or palliation.

OMICS Group through its Open Access Initiative is committed to make genuine and reliable contributions to the scientific community. OMICS Group hosts over 350 leading-edge peer reviewed Open Access journals and has organised over 300 scientific conferences all over the world. OMICS Publishing Group journals have over 3.5 million readers and the fame and success of the same can be attributed to the strong editorial board which contains over 30000 eminent personalities and the rapid, quality and quick review processing. OMICS Group International Conferences make the perfect platform for global networking as it brings together renowned speakers and scientists across the globe to a most exciting and memorable scientific event filled with much enlightening interactive sessions, world class exhibitions and poster presentations. Now focusing on Diagnostic Imaging conference to provide a better platform for the Researchers, Doctors to share their views & knowledge.

The Global Cancer Conference & Medicare Summit, hosted by the OMICS Group. It was held during September 15-17, 2014 at Hyderabad, India. Generous response and active participation was received from the Editorial Board Members of OMICS Group Journals as well as from scientists, researchers and leaders from cancer related industries, government organizations, students who made this conference as one of most successful and productive events in 2014 from OMICS Group.

Conferences

Oncology Drug Development in Practice
Venue: Dorint Hotel Amsterdam Airport
Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
BEGINS: Nov 25, 2013 09:00 AMEnds Nov 27, 2013 01:00 PM

30th Annual Miami Breast Cancer Conference
Venue: Fontainebleau Miami Beach
Location: Miami Beach, Florida, United States
BEGINS: Mar 07, 2013Ends Mar 10, 2013

II International Conference on Antimicrobial Research
Venue: The auditorium building. Faculdade de Medicina Dentária (Faculty of Dentistry) Universidade de Lisboa (University of Lisbon) Cidade Universitária
Location: Lisbon, Portugal
BEGINS: Nov 21, 2012Ends Nov 23, 2012

II International Conference on Antimicrobial Research
Venue: Faculty of Dentistry - University of Lisbon
Location: Lisboa, Portugal
BEGINS: Nov 21, 2012Ends Nov 23, 2012
9
th Annual School of Breast Oncology
Venue: Emory Conference Center Hotel
Location: Atlanta, Georgia, United States
BEGINS: Nov 01, 2012Ends Nov 04, 2012

32nd Annual Oncology Nurses Symposium
Venue: Hilton San Diego Resort
Location: San Diego, California, United States
BEGINS: Oct 07, 2012Ends Oct 10, 2012

4th Annual NCONN Changing the Face of Cancer Care Conference
Venue: Gaylord Opryland Resort & Convention Center
Location: Nashville, Tennessee, United States
BEGINS: Oct 04, 2012Ends Oct 06, 2012

Recent advances in Gastrointestinal Cancer
Venue: Hallam Conference Centre
Location: London, United Kingdom
BEGINS: Sep 27, 2012Ends Sep 28, 2012

Companies
Bavarian Nordic, Mountain View, CA
Juvaris, Pleasanton, CA
PaxVax, San Diego, CA
MSD, Ireland
Genocea Bioscience, Cambridge, MA

This page will be updated regularly.

This page was last updated on 10th Oct, 2014

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