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As per available reports about 15 Relevant journals, 65 Conferences, 40 Workshops are presently dedicated exclusively to women infertility and about 1080 articles are being published on women infertility.
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means. It is usually not the natural state of a healthy adult organism, except notably among certain eusocial species (mostly haplodiploid insects).
In humans, infertility may describe a woman who is unable to conceive as well as being unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological and other causes of infertility, including some that medical intervention can treat. Infertility rates have increased by 4% since the 1980s, mostly from problems with fecundity due to an increase in age. About 40% of the issues involved with infertility are due to the man, another 40% due to the woman , and 20% result from complications with both partners.
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Scope and Importance:
The earlier one knows about fertility related problems, namely that of ovarian reserve, the sooner one can make decisions about future pregnancy and family. Clearly, a woman who is faced with the diagnosis of low ovarian reserve or other fertility issues may make life altering decisions about timing of future pregnancy and building a family. Having this information will allow any given woman to make these important decisions, potentially reevaluating thoughts about how to conduct her life. It is hard to imagine more substantive or life altering information that can be obtained so easily.
Infertility problems in women include failure to ovulate, blockages in the fallopian tubes and disorders of the uterus such as fibroids and endometriosis. Primary infertility refers to the inability to give birth either because of not being able to become pregnant, or carry a child to live birth, which may include miscarriage or a stillborn child. Secondary infertility refers to the inability to conceive or give birth when there was a previous pregnancy or live birth. Treatment options include hormone therapy, surgery and assisted reproductive technologies (ART), including in vitro fertilization (IVF). Some cases of infertility have no identifiable cause. The woman’s age is a significant fertility factor. Infertility is caused by many sources, including nutrition, diseases, and other malformations of the uterus. Infertility affects women from around the world, and the cultural and social stigma surrounding it varies.
Female infertility can be caused by:
• Ovulation problems
• Polycystic ovary syndrome
• Problems with the fallopian tubes
• Problems with the uterus
Treatment options (assisted reproductive technologies, or ART) for female infertility depend on the cause, but may include:
• Ovulation induction (using hormone therapy)
Female infertility can be caused by obstructions within the reproductive organs. Some of the problems that can be addressed by surgery include:
• Fibroids – non-malignant tumours growing inside the uterus
• Polyps – overgrowths of the uterine lining (endometrium)
• Endometriosis – the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, which can block the fallopian tubes
• Salpingitis – inflammation and scarring of the fallopian tube due to bacterial infection
• Abnormalities of the uterus – such as uterine septums
• Ovarian cysts – which can be drained or removed.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) for female infertility
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is conception outside of the human body. The woman undergoes ovarian stimulation using a hormonal agent and at the right time, the eggs are collected. This is done through the vagina under light sedation and ultrasound control. The collected eggs are mixed with sperm previously collected from the woman's partner or a donor, or they may be injected with a single sperm (ICSI). They are then placed in special incubators and allowed to develop into embryos. The embryos are transferred to the woman’s uterus using a thin tube that is inserted through the cervix under ultrasound guidance.
“Infertility Drugs and Devices Market – Global Analysis, Size, Share and Forecast, 2010-2017,” the overall infertility drugs and devices market was estimated at $3.55 billion in 2010 and is expected to reach an estimated value of $4.77 billion by 2017, growing at a compound annual growth rate of 4.3 percent from 2012 to 2017.
List of Best International Conferences:
1. 2nd Gynecology and Obstetrics Conference
November 16-18, 2015 San Antonio, USA
2. 3rd Gynecology and Obstetrics Conference
October 17-19, 2016 Dubai,UAE
3. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Conference
November 16-18, 2015 Seattle, USA
4. 2nd Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Conference
October 06-08, 2016 Miami, USA
5. Gynecologic Oncology Conference
May 19-21, 2016 San Antonio, USA
6. International Conference on Pediatric Dermatology Conference
October 10-12, 2016 Manchester, UK
7. Pediatric Cardiology Conference
August 25-27, 2015 Valencia, Spain, Europe
8. 4th Pediatrics Conference
March 29-31, 2016 Atlanta, USA
Relevant Society and Associations:
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This page was last updated on February 26, 2024