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Recommended Conferences for Smart Fluid

Smart Fluid

As per available reports on smart fluid 5 Relevant journals, 10 Conference proceedings (i.e. Smart Materials, Wireless Communication, Industrial Engineering, Condensed Matter Physics, Electronics) are presently dedicated to smart fluid and about 1 Open access articles are being published and 1 National Symposiums.

Liquid suspension of metals or zeolites which solidifies when electric current is applied to it, and becomes fluid again when the current is removed. Smart fluid also called electro rheological fluid.

A smart fluid is one whose flow properties can be changed through application of a low-power control signal. By using such a fluid in a suitable damper, the characteristics of the damper can be rapidly altered through the application of a low-power control signal, whilst retaining the essential simplicity of a passive damper.

There are two main classes of smart fluid: electro rheological (ER) and magneto rheological (MR). ER fluids generally consist of semi-conducting particles suspended in dielectric oil, whereas MR fluids use magnetiseable particles suspended in a non-magnetiseable carrier liquid. In both cases the flow mechanism is the same: excitation of the fluid by the appropriate field (electric or magnetic, respectively) causes polarization and subsequent alignment of the particles suspended within the liquid. The resulting chain structure is held in place by the applied field, and hence resists fluid flow. The resulting behavior is analogous to the class of fluids known as Bingham plastics – non-Newtonian fluids capable of developing a yield stress. For smart fluids, this yield stress is a function of the applied electric or magnetic field. However, once this yield stress is exceeded, the behavior of the smart fluid deviates from that of a Bingham plastic. This is attributable to a breakdown of the chains of particles under the forces of the fluid flow, and results in a shear-stress / shear-rate characteristic that is highly non-linear. When used in a damping device, the result is a damper whose force / velocity characteristic is non-linear, but can be changed by way of the applied electric or magnetic field.

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Scope and Importance:

Another major type of smart fluid are electrorheological or ER fluids, whose resistance to flow can be quickly and dramatically altered by an applied electric field (note, the yield stress point is altered rather than the viscosity). Besides fast acting clutches, brakes, shock absorbers and hydraulic valves, other, more esoteric, applications such as bulletproof vests have been proposed for these fluids.


Other smart fluids change their surface tension in the presence of an electric field. This has been used to produce very small controllable lenses: a drop of this fluid, captured in a small cylinder and surrounded by oil, serves as a lens whose shape can be changed by applying an electric field.

Market Analysis

BCC ( reveals in its new report on smart materials, the global market was valued at $23.6 billion in 2013 and almost $26 billion in 2014. This is anticipated to reach over $42.2 billion in 2019 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.2% between 2014 and 2019. Motors and actuators make up the largest application segment of the market, with sales of nearly $16.8 billion (70.8% of the market) in 2013, increasing to $30.2 billion (nearly 71.6% of the market) by 2019.

Smart materials are a class of materials that respond dynamically to electrical, thermal, chemical, magnetic or other stimuli from the environment. These materials are incorporated in a growing range of products, enabling these products to alter their characteristics or otherwise respond to external stimuli.

The Asia-Pacific region accounted for the largest production of smart materials in 2013, followed by the U.S. and Europe. However, European production is projected to grow somewhat more slowly than the global average (i.e., at a CAGR of 9.9%). The U.S. share of global smart materials production is projected to increase from 28.2% in 2013 to 29% in 2019.

Phase-change materials (PCMs) have an important potential role to play in energy storage, particularly storage of heat produced by parabolic trough solar collectors. Various smart materials (e.g., piezoelectrics and electrostrictive polymers) can be used to “harvest” energy from the vibrations produced by ordinary activities such as walking. Shape memory alloy actuators have also been adapted to opening and closing greenhouse windows.

“Monitoring the structural integrity of bridges, dams, offshore oil-drilling towers and other structures is another application that is attracting attention," says BCC Research analyst Andrew McWilliams. “Embedding sensors made from smart materials within structures to monitor stress and damage can reduce maintenance costs and increase lifespan. They are already used in more than 40 bridges worldwide.”

Smart Materials and Their Applications: Technologies and Global Markets analyzes the principal end-user segment for each type of smart material (including commercial, industrial, medical, research and military) and estimates the current and projected worldwide market for each type of smart material and application through 2019.

List of Best International Conferences

1.      2nd Smart Materials and Structures Conference

         February 29-March 02, 2016-Philadelphia, USA

2.      4th Wireless Communication and Network Conference

         September 21-23, 2015-Baltimore, USA

3.      2nd Ceramics and Composite Materials Conference

         July 25-27, 2016-Berlin, Germany

4.      2nd Industrial Engineering Conference

         November 16-18, 2015-Dubai, UAE

5.      Design and Production Engineering Conference 

         July 25-26, 2016-Berlin, Germany

6.      5th Mesoscopic and Condensed Matter Physics Conference

          October 27-29, 2016 Chicago, USA

7.       Electronics and Electrical Engineering Conference

         November 03-05, 2015-Valencia, Spain

8.      3rd Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Conference

         October 05-07, 2015-San Francisco, USA

9.     Polymer Chemistry Conference

         November 14-16, 2016-Atlanta, USA

10.    5th Nanotek Conference

       November 16-18, 2015-San Antonio, USA

11.    2nd Automobile Engineering Conference

         July 11-12, 2016-Cologne, Germany

12.    Biometrics and Biostatistics Conference

         November 16-18, 2015-San Antonio, USA

13.    2nd Biomedical Engineering Conference

         November 30-December 02, 2015-San Antonio, USA

14.     Wind Energy Conference

         July 28-30, 2016-Berlin, Germany

15.     Construction and Steel Structure Conference

         November 16-18, 2015-Dubai, UAE

16.     4th Materials Science and Engineering Conference

          September 14-16, 2015-Florida, USA

17.    BIT's 2nd World Congress of Smart Materials-Singapore

18.    SECTOR 2nd Smart Materials and Surfaces-Korea

19.     ASME Conference on Smart Materials-USA

20.     SPIE Smart Structures/NDE 2016- USA

21.     CIMTEC 5th International Conference Smart and Multifunctional Materials Structures & Systems-Italy


Relevant Society and Associations

  1. Materials Research Society
  2. P/M in Aerospace, Defense and Demanding
  3. Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management
  4. Silicon Nitride Ceramics Scientific and Technological Advances
  5. Smart Materials Fabrication and Materials for Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems
  6. Solid State Ionics III
  7. Solitons in Liquid Crystals
  8. Structure and Properties of Energetic Materials
  9. Submicron Multiphase Materials


  1. Cima Nanoteck
  2. New Developments in Biomaterials
  3. Vibration Control of Active Structures
  4. ISIS Canada
  5. Smart Structures
  6. Emerging Construction Technologies
  7. Constructing the Future
  8. Smart Structures and Materials

This page will be updated regularly.

This page was last updated on 15th Sep, 2015

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