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Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects some people who have psoriasis a condition that features red patches of skin topped with silvery scales. Most people develop psoriasis first and are later diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis, but the joint problems can sometimes begin before skin lesions appear. Psoriatic arthritis occurs when your body's immune system begins to attack healthy cells and tissue. The abnormal immune response causes inflammation in your joints as well as overproduction of skin cells.
Symptoms of psoriatic arthritis may closely resemble other diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis. A rheumatologist may use physical examinations, health history, blood tests and x-rays to accurately diagnose psoriatic arthritis. Joint pain, stiffness and swelling are the main symptoms of psoriatic arthritis. They can affect any part of your body, including your fingertips and spine, and can range from relatively mild to severe. In both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, disease flares may alternate with periods of remission.
Psoriatic arthritis can affect joints on just one side or on both sides of your body. The signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis often resemble those of rheumatoid arthritis. Both diseases cause joints to become painful, swollen and warm to the touch.
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis and an autoimmune disease. In Psoriatic arthritis , the joints are the target of the immune attack. This causes swelling, pain and warmth (inflammation) in the joints. In most people, psoriatic arthritis starts after the onset of psoriasis
Psoriatic arthritis is more likely to also cause:
• Swollen fingers and toes: Psoriatic arthritis can cause a painful, sausage-like swelling of your fingers and toes. You may also develop swelling and deformities in your hands and feet before having significant joint symptoms.
• Foot pain: Psoriatic arthritis can also cause pain at the points where tendons and ligaments attach to your bones- especially at the back of your heel (Achilles tendinitis) or in the sole of your foot (plantar fasciitis).
• Lower back pain: Some people develop a condition called spondylitis as a result of psoriatic arthritis. Spondylitis mainly causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae of your spine and in the joints between your spine and pelvis (sacroiliitis).
Scope & Importance
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritic joint disease associated with the chronic skin scaling and fingernail changes seen in psoriasis. Physicians recognize a number of different forms of psoriatic arthritis. In some patients, the arthritic symptoms will affect the small joints at the ends of the fingers and toes. In others, symptoms will affect joints on one side of the body but not on the other. In addition, there are patients whose larger joints on both sides of the body simultaneously become affected, as in rheumatoid arthritis. Some people with psoriatic arthritis experience arthritis symptoms in the back and spine; in rare cases, called psoriatic arthritis mutilans, the disease destroys the joints and bones, leaving patients with gnarled and club-like hands and feet. In many patients, symptoms of psoriasis precede the arthritis symptoms; a clue to possible joint disease is pitting and other changes in the fingernails.
Most of the people are still not aware of the impacts of the Rheumatic disorders. Patients usually refer an Orthopedician in case of a Rheumatic Disorders. Rheumatology has to go a long way in spreading the awareness about the Rheumatic diseases, their treatments and preventions. Research area in the study of Rheumatology and the diseases has a vast scope to bring out many new preventive measure and treatments. Around 10 million people in the UK have a form of arthritis, of which almost 700,000 have rheumatoid arthritis. Around 12,000 children in UK suffer from juvenile idiopathic arthritis, which can cause the same types of pain, disability and co-existing conditions that adults with rheumatic conditions often experience. Within 10 years on onset, at least 50% of patients in developed countries are unable to hold down a full-time job according to German Data. The number of people with arthritis and released diseases is projected to be 67 million by 2030.
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This page was last updated on January 17, 2020