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Plant stem cells are distinctively undifferentiated cells present in the meristems of plant. Plant stem cells serve as the origin of plant vitality, as they maintain themselves while providing a steady supply of precursor cells to form differentiated tissues and organs in plants. Two distinct areas of stem cells are recognized: the apical meristem and the lateral meristem.
Plant stem cells are categorized by two distinctive properties, which are: the ability to create all differentiated cell types and the ability to self-renew such that it maintains the number of stem cells. Plant stem cells never undergo aging process but immortally generate a new specialized and unspecialized cells, and they have the potential to grow into any organ, tissue, or cell in the body. Thus they are totipotent cells equipped with regenerative powers that facilitate plant growth and production of new organs throughout lifetime.
Unlike animals, plants are immobile. As plants cannot escape from danger by taking motion, they need a special mechanism to withstand various and sometimes unforeseen environmental stress. Plant stem cells are also categorized by their location in specialized structures called meristematic tissues, which are located in root apical meristem (RAM), shoot apical meristem(SAM), and vascular system ((pro)cambium or vascular meristem.)
OMICS Group hosts over 400 leading-edge peer reviewed Open Access Journals and organize over 300 International Conferences annually all over the world. OMICS Publishing Group journals have over 3 million readers and the fame and success of the same can be attributed to the strong editorial board which contains over 30000 eminent personalities that ensure a rapid, quality and quick review process. OMICS Group signed an agreement with more than 500 International Societies to make healthcare information Open Access.
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