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As per available reports about 110 Relevant Journals, 110 Conferences, 50 Workshops are presently dedicated exclusively to over the counter drugs and about 1,580 articles are being published on over the counter drugs.
A drug is, in the broadest of terms, a chemical substance that has known biological effects on humans or other animals. For drugs information odds are generally excluded from this definition, in spite of their physiological effects on animal species. In pharmacology, a drug is "a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being. “Drugs may be used for a limited duration, or on a regular basis for chronic disorders Natural or synthetic substance which (when taken into a living body) affects its functioning or structure, and is used in the diagnosis, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of a disease or relief of discomfort. Also called legal drug or medicine. A legal or medicinal drug (such as amphetamines), however, can be harmful and addictive if misused. A drug is a chemical that is not food and that affects your body. Some drugs are given to people by doctors to make them healthy. These are called prescription (say pre-scrip-shun) drugs. Antibiotics are drugs. Some drugs are natural and can be found in some kinds of food or plants that are not a normal part of a person’s diet. Some drugs are illegal which means it is against the law to buy, sell or use them. Some drugs are legal but because they are dangerous to health the law says that you have to be an adult to use them eg alcohol and tobacco. Some drugs are addictive, which means that it is very hard to stop using them although they are harming your body.
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Scope and Importance:
As a result of lack of skilled service providers/doctors, there is increasing trend of over the counter (OTC) sell of medicine in India. Among these OTC drugs, sell of sex enhancer medicine is an emerging problem as these medicines are being advertised on large scale using mass media like Television, newspapers and Radio without any approval from drug controlling authority ‘Central Drugs and Standards Control Organization’. Purpose of current study was to study the trend of over the counter sell of sex enhancer drugs in India & to study health seeking behavior of patients with self-diagnosed ED in terms of self-medication.
Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are medicines you can buy without a prescription from your doctor. There are 2 types of OTC cough medicines: antitussives and expectorants. A common antitussive is dextromethorphan (some brand names: Triaminic Cold and Cough, Robitussin Cough, Vicks 44 Cough and Cold). The only expectorant available in OTC products is guaifenesin (2 brand names: Mucinex, Robitussin Chest Congestion).
Antitussives are cough suppressants. They relieve your cough by blocking the cough reflex. Expectorants thin mucus. This may help your cough clear the mucus from your airway. Drinking extra fluids also helps keep mucus thin. Dextromethorphan and guaifenesin are sometimes combined with each other (1 brand name: Robitussin DM). They are also available in combination with other medicines, such as pain relievers, decongestants, or antihistamines. These combination products (such as multi-symptom cold medicines) are meant to treat many symptoms at the same time. However, if your main symptom is cough, be careful of the drying effect of antihistamines and decongestants in combination medicines. This effect can make mucus thicker and harder to clear from the airways, which can make a cough worse. There are two different types of over the counter cough medications - expectorants and suppressants. They work very differently and which one you take depends on the type of cough you are experiencing. Expectorants: Expectorants are a class of cough medicine that help to get congestion out of your lungs. They thin the mucous and help you cough it out more easily. Expectorants are useful when you have thick congestion and you can't cough it up on your own. Because they help make your cough more productive, expectorants can help prevent illnesses such as pneumonia. Suppressants: Cough suppressants are a class of cough medicine that help you stop coughing. There has been some debate about the efficacy of cough suppressants. Because coughing is a natural response to foreign substances in the lungs, it is not always a good idea to suppress the cough. Some doctors have found they are not effective, especially in children. However, many people still feel cough suppressants are necessary. If you decide to use cough suppressants, they are best used only at night when you are having trouble sleeping.
The global market for OTC medicines and dietary supplements reached $128.8 billion in 2012. This market is expected to reach to $142.7 billion in 2013 and $189.7 billion in 2018, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.9%.
International symposium and workshops:
1. 7th Pharmacovigilance and Clinical Trials Conference
September 19-21, 2016 Vienna, Austria
2. 7th Analytical and Bioanalytical Techniques Conference
Sept 29-Oct 01, 2016 Miami, USA
3. Pharma Expo
October 10-12, 2016 Dubai, UAE
4. Marine Drugs and Natural Products Conference
July 28-30, 2016 Brisbane, Australia
5. 2nd Parenterals and Injectables Conference
October 24-26, 2016 Istanbul, Turkey
6. 4th Clinical Pharmacy Conference
Oct 31 - Nov 01, 2016 Las Vegas, USA
7. 2nd Drug Discovery and Designing Conference
Oct 31-Nov 02, 2016 Istanbul, Turkey
8. Pharma Marketing Conference
November 17-19, 2016 Alicante, Spain
9. Medicinal Chemistry and Computer Aided Drug Designing Conference
December 01-03, 2016 Chicago, USA
10. 5th Pharmacists Annual Meeting
July 11-13, 2016 Brisbane, Australia
11. 5th American Cough Conference
12. Emerging Infectious Diseases Conference
13. Respiratory Pathogens Meeting
14. Ocular Infections Conference
15. Hepatitis C Virus Infection Conference
16. Tropical Medicine and International Health Conference
Relevant Society and Associations:
This page will be updated regularly.
This page was last updated on November 27, 2021