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As per available reports about 10 Relevant Journals, 16 Conferences, 20 Workshops are presently dedicated exclusively to Nutrigenomics and about 540 Open Access Articles are being published on Nutrigenomics.
Nutrigenomics has been defined as the application of high-throughput genomic tools in nutrition studies and research. It can also be seen as research to provide people with methods and tools that are looking for disease preventing and health promoting foods that match their lifestyles, cultures and genetics. Nutrigenomics has also been described by the influence of genetic variation on nutrition, by correlating gene expression or SNPs with a nutrient's absorption, metabolism, elimination or biological effects. Nutrigenomics has been associated with the idea of personalized nutrition based on genotype. While there is hope that nutrigenomics will ultimately enable such personalized dietary advice, it is a science still in its infancy and its contribution to public health over the next decade is thought to be major. Nutrigenomics has been defined as the application of high-throughput genomic tools in nutrition studies and research. It can also be seen as research to provide people with methods and tools that are looking for disease preventing and health promoting foods that match their lifestyles, cultures and genetics.
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Scope and Importance:
Nutrigenomics is research focusing on identifying and understanding molecular-level interaction between nutrients and other dietary bioactive with the genome. Nutrigenomics has received much attention recently because of its potential for preventing, mitigating, or treating chronic disease, and certain cancers, through small but highly informative dietary changes. The conceptual basis for this new branch of genomic research can be best described as
1. Under certain circumstances and in some individuals, diet can be a serious risk factor for a number of diseases.
2. Common dietary chemicals can act on the human genome, either directly or indirectly, to alter gene expression or structure.
3. The degree to which diet influences the balance between healthy and disease states may depend on an individual's genetic makeup.
4. Some diet-regulated genes (and their normal, common variants) are likely to play a role in the onset, incidence, progression, and/or severity of chronic diseases.
5. Dietary intervention based on knowledge of nutritional requirement, nutritional status, and genotype (i.e., "personalized nutrition") can be used to prevent, mitigate or cure chronic disease.
Nutrigenomics is a branch of nutritional genomics and is the study of the effects of foods and food constituents on gene expression. This means that nutrigenomics is research focusing on identifying and understanding molecular-level interaction between nutrients and other dietary bioactives with the genome. Nutrigenomics has also been described by the influence of genetic variation on nutrition, by correlating gene expression or SNPs with a nutrient's absorption, metabolism, elimination or biological effects. By doing so, nutrigenomics aims to develop rational means to optimize nutrition with respect to the subject's genotype. By determining the mechanism of the effects of nutrients or the effects of a nutritional regime, nutrigenomics tries to define the causality|relationship between these specific nutrients and specific nutrient regimes (diets) on human health. Nutrigenomics has been associated with the idea of personalized nutrition based on genotype. While there is hope that nutrigenomics will ultimately enable such personalized dietary advice, it is a science still in its infancy and its contribution to public health over the next decade is thought to be major. It can also be seen as research to provide people with methods and tools who are looking for disease preventing and health promoting foods that match their lifestyles, cultures and genetics. The term "high throughput tools" in nutrigenomics refers to genetic tools that enable millions of genetic screening tests to be conducted at a single time. When such high throughput screening is applied in nutrition research, it allows the examination of how nutrients affect the thousands of genes present in the human genome. Nutrigenomics involves the characterization of gene products and the physiological function and interactions of these products. This includes how nutrients impact on the production and action of specific gene products and how these proteins in turn affect the response to nutrients. In nutrigenomics, nutrients are seen as signals that tell a specific cell in the body about the diet. The nutrients are detected by a sensor system in the cell. Such a sensory system works like sensory ecology whereby the cell obtains information through the signal, the nutrient, about its environment, which is the diet. The sensory system that interprets information from nutrients about the dietary environment includes transcription factors together with many additional proteins. Once the nutrient interacts with such a sensory system, it changes gene, protein expression and metabolite production in accordance with the level of nutrient it senses. As a result, different diets should elicit different patterns of gene and protein expression and metabolite production. Nutrigenomics seeks to describe the patterns of these effects which have been referred to as dietary signatures. Such dietary signatures are examined in specific cells, tissues and organisms and in this way the manner by which nutrition influences homeostasis is investigated. Genes which are affected by differing levels of nutrients need first to be identified and then their regulation is studied. Differences in this regulation as a result of differences in genes between individuals are also studied. It is hoped that by building up knowledge in this area, nutrigenomics will promote an increased understanding of how nutrition influences metabolic pathways and homeostatic control, which will then be used to prevent the development of chronic diet related diseases such as obesity and type two diabetes. Part of the approach of nutrigenomics involves finding markers of the early phase of diet related diseases; this is the phase at which intervention with nutrition can return the patient to health. As nutrigenomics seeks to understand the effect of different genetic predispositions in the development of such diseases, once a marker has been found and measured in an individual, the extent to which they are susceptible to the development of that disease will be quantified and personalized dietary recommendation can be given for that person. The aims of nutrigenomics also includes being able to demonstrate the effect of bioactive food compounds on health and the effect of health foods on health, which should lead to the development of functional foods that will keep people healthy according to their individual needs. Nutrigenomics is a rapidly emerging science still in its beginning stages. It is uncertain whether the tools to study protein expression and metabolite production have been developed to the point as to enable efficient and reliable measurements. Also once such research has been achieved, it will need to be integrated together to produce results and dietary recommendations. All of these technologies are still in the process of development.
Few years ago the food industry began a segmentation of its production in order to reach specific consumer groups, i.e. women, men, children, teen-agers and seniors. This evolution could carry on until the realisation of the nutrigenomics concept, which can be defined as the conception of food products adapted to the specific needs of everybody.
After a complete metabolic check-up everyone would have the opportunity to choose, among a large set of recommended products, the foods that are best adapted to his/her personal metabolic profile.
The aim is to develop the science to a marketable food product, which may be marketed soon. Genetic testing is available and rapidly offering more comprehensive results. There are commercial companies offering personalized nutrition services based on testing. Personalized foods are predicted to be launched on the market in 3 to 10 years
International Symposium and Workshops
1. 21- 22 April 2015, FINUT-MINSA Workshop- Early Nutrition, Health and Integral Development: Evidence for Policy and Programme Implementation With the collaboration of FINUT 2. Human Nutrition, Environment and Health (T1), October, 2015, Beijing, China
List of Best International Conferences:
1. 9th Biotechnology Conference
August 31- September 02, USA
2. 3rd Predictive, Preventive, Personalized Medicine and Molecular Diagnostics Conference
September 01-03, 2015, Spain
3. 6th Biotechnology Conference
October 05-07, 2015, India
4. Healthcare Conference
October 05-07, 2015, India
5. 7th Food Conference
October 08-10, 2015, India
6. Protein Engineering Conference
October 26-28, 2015, USA
7. 4th Nutrition Conference
October 26- 28, 2015, USA
8. 8th Health Informatics and Technology Conference
June 27-29, 2016, USA
9. 4th Obesity and Weight Management Conference
December 07-09, 2015, USA
10. 2nd Food Safety and Regulatory Affairs Conference
June 06-08, 2016, UK
11.3rd Health Informatics and Technology Conference
June 27-29, 2016, USA
12. Food Microbiology Conference
August 08-10, 2016, UK
13. 3rd Food Safety Conference
September 01-03, 2016, USA
14. 3rd Weight Loss and Medicare Conference
September 19-21, 2016, Austria
15. 2nd Livestock Nutrition Conference
July 21-22, 2016, Australia
16.Dairy Meet Conference
June 30-July 02, 2016, USA
17. 4th Probiotics, Functional and Baby Foods Conference
November 03-05, 2015, Spain
18. 4th Weight Loss and Fitness Conference
November 21-23, 2016, UAE
19. Food Chemistry and Hydrocolloids Conference
August 04-05, 2016 , Canada
20. 10th congress of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/ Nutrigenomics (ISNN)
May, 2016, Israel
21. Eating Disorders Conference
September, 2015, USA
22. Mechanisms of a Long- Life Health
September, 2015, Spain
23. Annual Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference and Expo (FNCE)
October 3–6, 2015, USA
24. 15th Nutrition and Diagnostics Conference
October 5–8, 2015, Czech Republic
List of Related Societies:
1. International Society of Nutrigenetics / Nutrigenomics
2. National Association of Anorexia Nervosa & Associated Disorder
3. The NCMHD Center of Excellence for Nutritional Genomics
4. British Association for applied nutrition & Nutritional Therapy (BANT)
5. The Nutrition Society
6. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
7. American Society of Nutrition
8. Nestle Nutrition Institute
9. United Nations System Standing Committee on Nutrition
10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
11. The Royal Society of New Zealand
12. International Union of Nutritional Sciences
13. International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
14. Romanian Society for Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition
15. Society of Chemistry and the Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food
16. International Association for Cereal Chemistry
17. American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
18. Bionutrient Food Association
19. The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition
20. Federation of European Biochemical Societies
21. Entomological Society of America
List of Related Companies:
5. Gene Smart
6. Genova Diagnostics
7. Nestlé: Personalised Nutrition
14. Nestle (CH)
15. Chicago Tofu
17. MLO Sports Nutrition
18. Nanjing Yurun Food CO LTD
19. Hershey Foods
20. Well’s Dairy Inc.
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This page was last updated on February 23, 2020