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Medicine also called conventional, scientific, or mainstream medicine, especially when compared with alternative medicine or traditional medicine, is the field that mixes applied science with art in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness in human beings. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through medication or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints & traction, prostheses, biologics, pharmaceuticals, ionizing radiation among others.
The clinical examination involves the study of: Vital signs including height, weight, body temperature, blood pressure, pulse, respiration rate, and hemoglobin oxygen saturation, General appearance of the patient and specific indicators of disease (nutritional status, presence of jaundice, pallor or clubbing), Skin, Head, eye, ear, nose, and throat (HEENT), Cardiovascular (heart and blood vessels), Respiratory (large airways and lungs), Abdomen and rectum, Genitalia (and pregnancy if the patient is or could be pregnant), Musculoskeletal (including spine and extremities), Neurological (consciousness, awareness, brain, vision, cranial nerves, spinal cord and peripheral nerves), Psychiatric (orientation, mental state, evidence of abnormal perception or thought), It is to likely focus on areas of interest highlighted in the medical history and may not include everything listed above. The treatment plan may include ordering additional medical laboratory tests and medical imaging studies, starting therapy, referral to a specialist, or watchful observation.
There are many subspecialties (or sub disciplines) of internal medicine: Angelology/Vascular Medicine, Cardiology, Critical care medicine, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology, Geriatrics, Hematology, Hepatology, Infectious diseases, Nephrology, Neurology, Oncology, Pediatrics, Pulmonology/Pneumology/Respirology, Rheumatology, Complementary medicines include vitamin and mineral products, herbal medicines including Chinese and Ayurvedic medicines, homeopathic preparations and essential oils. It is important to tell all your healthcare professionals about any complementary medicines you are taking.
Drug-Drug Interactions: Drug-drug interactions can involve prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter) drugs. Types of drug-drug interactions include duplication, opposition (antagonism), and alteration of what the body does to one or both drugs. Acid-blocking drugs, such as histamine-2 (H2) blockers and proton pump inhibitors, raise the pH of the stomach and decrease absorption of some drugs, such as ketoconazole a drug for fungal infections. The names of medicines can often be confusing, as the same medicine can sometimes be called different things.
Many medicines have two names: The brand name given to a medicine by the pharmaceutical company it is developed by the scientific or generic name for the active ingredient of the medicine that is decided by an expert committee, AUST R medicines are assessed for safety, quality and effectiveness. They include all prescription only medicines and many over-the-counter products such as those for pain relief, coughs and colds and antiseptic creams, AUST L medicines can only contain pre-approved low-risk ingredients. They are used for minor health problems and are reviewed for safety and quality. They include sunscreens over SPF4 and many vitamins, mineral, herbal and homoeopathic products. A purpose must be included on the label, STORAGE CONDITIONS - labels must show how to store the product such as "Store below 30Â°C" which in most parts of Australia means room temperature. Some medicines must be stored in a refrigerator, EXPIRY DATE this is similar to the use-by date on food products at the supermarket. The medicine should not be used after this date because it can lose its effectiveness or become unsafe; batch number & company name & address - the batch number and name and address of the supplier must be on the labels and can be used to trace the medicine if a problem is found.
OMICS Group International through its Open Access Initiative is committed to make genuine and reliable contributions to the scientific community. OMICS Group is a pioneer and leading scientific event organizer, hosts over 400 leading-edge peer reviewed Open Access Journals and organizes over 300 International scientific conferences all over the globe annually with the support from over 100 International societies all around the world, with the support of 30000 editorial board members and 3.5 million viewers we are moving ahead to achieve our goal. OMICS Group International conferences are integrated with International workshops, symposia, trade shows in all the areas of Science, Medicine and Technology.
Number of Conferences, National Symposiums, and Workshops: Ten Conferences, Six Symposiums and Five workshops were held in different places. Companies: One in Asia, Eighteen in USA, One in South Africa, Two in Antarctica, Nine in Europe, One in Australia.
3rd Annual International Conference on Health & Medical Sciences
Annual Multispecialty Medical Conference
World Congress on Controversies in Veterinary Medicine
World extreme medicine conference and expo
Association and Societies:
Australian Medical Association
Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society
Pakistan Doctor of Pharmacy Association
Kenya Medical Association
South African Medical Association
Nigerian Medical Association
Somali Medical Association
European Society for Medical Oncology
Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF)
Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society previously Canadian Anesthetists' Society Canadian Cardiovascular Society
Canadian Medical Association
American Association of Orthodontists
American Association of Physician Specialists
New England Ophthalmological Society
Radiological Society of North America
Johnson & Johnson
Kyowa Hakko Kirin
Merck and Co.
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This page was last updated on March 4, 2024