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Focal seizures are caused by abnormal electrical disturbances in the brain. Partial (focal) seizures occur when this electrical activity remains in a limited area of the brain. The seizures can sometimes turn into generalized seizures, which affect the whole brain. This is called secondary generalization. Partial seizures can be divided into: Simple -- not affecting awareness or memory & Complex -- affecting awareness or memory of events before, during, and immediately after the seizure, and affecting behavior. The Omics International Conference on Focal seizure brings together neurologists, neurosurgeons, psychologists, other health care providers, and the public to address issues regarding epilepsy surgery including patient selection and management, localization of seizure site onset, appropriate diagnostic techniques, and postoperative outcome assessment. The panel concluded that brain surgery is an alternative treatment when medication fails. Seizure frequency, severity type, possible brain damage or injury from frequent seizures, and effect on quality of life all must be considered in deciding to evaluate for surgery.
OMICS International through its Open access initiatives is committed to make genuine and reliable contributions to the scientific community by publishing research work and conference paper related to such disorders. It is known that OMICS Group hosts over 700 edge peer reviewed Open Access Journals and organizes over more than 1000 Global Events annually. Its publishing group journals have over 5 million readers and the fame and success of the same can be attributed to the strong editorial board which contains over 75000+ eminent personalities that ensure a quality and quick review process checker.
Scope: The most common risk factor is having had a seizure associated with fever. Approximately two-thirds of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy have had a febrile seizure without an infection before the onset of complex partial seizures. Nearly 75% of these febrile seizures were considered to be either prolonged or have complex features. The prevalence of Focal seizures in the developed countries ranges from 4 to 10 cases per 1,000. Studies in the developing and tropical countries have reported higher prevalence rates of Focal seizures, ranging from 14 to 57 cases per 1,000 persons. In the developed countries, the incidence of Focal seizures tends to exhibit a U-shaped curve with highest rates in the children and the elderly. This same pattern has not been found in the developing countries, where the incidence of Focal seizures appears to peak in early adulthood.The incidence rate of FS was 10.4 per 100,000 between 1945 and 1964 and 6.5 between 1935 and 1944. In the same study, the calculated prevalence of FS in 1960 was 1.7 per 1,000 people, with a corresponding rate of epilepsy in the whole population of 6.2 cases. In a study where 2,200 patients with epilepsy attending a tertiary care centre, total patients 62.2% had localization-related epilepsy. From these cases, 66% had TLE, 24% of the cases frontal epilepsy, 2% parietal, 3% occipital, and 3% multilobar. From 1995 only 21% patients were classified as having definite FS. Two hundred and forty five (41%) patients were classified as having localization-related epilepsy. The overall percentage of cases with focal cases was 30%. Finally, studies from surgical centers describe the frequency of FS and report different rates compared with other sources total patients who had FS, 73% were TLE cases and 27% extra temporal.
At least 2.3 million adults and nearly 500,000 children in the U.S. currently live with some form of seizure, a disorder in which clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain sometimes signal abnormally, causing seizures. Each year, another 150,000 people are diagnosed with seizure. The disorders affect both males and females and can develop at any age. In the U.S. alone, the annual costs associated with the seizures are estimated to be $15.5 billion in direct medical expenses and lost or reduced earnings and productivity.
The disturbances of neuronal activity that occur during seizures may cause strange sensations, emotions, and behaviors. They also sometimes cause convulsions, abnormal movements, and loss of consciousness. In some people, seizures happen only occasionally. Other people may experience hundreds of seizures a day. There are many different forms of epilepsy, and symptoms vary greatly from one person to another. Recent adoption of the term “the epilepsies” underscores the diversity of types and causes.
About three-quarters of the individuals diagnosed with the seizures can control their seizures with medicine or surgery. However, about 25 to 30 percent will continue to experience seizures even with the best available treatment. Doctors call this treatment-resistant epilepsy. In some cases, people experience a type of seizure called status epilepticus, defined as seizures that last for more than five minutes or seizures that recur without recovery of consciousness. Prolonged status epilepticus can damage the brain and may be life-threatening.
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This page was last updated on 11th Sep, 2015
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