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Recommended Conferences for Carboxysomes


As per available reports about 43 Relevant Journals, 43 Conferences, 12 Workshops and about 123 articles are presently dedicated exclusively and are being published on carboxysomes.

Carboxysomes are bacterial organelles consisting of polyhedral protein shells filled with the enzyme Ribulose-1, 5-biphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) -the predominant enzyme in carbon fixation and the rate limiting enzyme in the Calvin Cycle-and a carbonic anhydrase. Carboxysomes are thought to have evolved as a consequence of the increase in oxygen concentration in the ancient atmosphere; this is because oxygen is a competing substrate to carbon dioxide in the RuBisCO reaction.

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Scope and Importance:

As the case with other BMCs, the carboxysome is attracting significant attention by researchers for applications synthetic biology. The transfer of a genetic module coding for an alpha-carboxysome has been shown to produce carboxysome-like structures in E. coli. If they can be installed in plants, carboxysomes may increase photosynthetic efficiency in plants.

Carboxysomes are bacterial micro compartments that contain enzymes involved in carbon fixation. Carboxysomes are made of polyhedral protein shells about 80 to 140 nanometres in diameter. These compartments are thought to concentrate carbon dioxide to overcome the inefficiency of RuBisCo (ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase) - the predominant enzyme in carbon fixation and the rate limiting enzyme in the Calvin cycle. These organelles are found in all cyanobacteria and many chemotrophic bacteria that fix carbon dioxide.

Carboxysomes are an example of a wider group of protein micro-compartments that have dissimilar functions but similar structures, based on homology of the two shell protein families. Using electron microscopy the first carboxysomes were seen in 1956, in the cyanobacterium Phormidium uncinatum. In the early 1960s, similar polyhedral objects were observed in other cyanobacteria. These structures were named polyhedral bodies in 1961; over the next few years they were also discovered in some chemotrophic bacteria that fixed carbon dioxide. Among these are Halothiobacillus, Acidithiobacillus, Nitrobacter and Nitrococcus.

Carboxysomes are intracellular structures found in many autotrophic bacteria, including Cyanobacteria, Knallgasbacteria, Nitroso- and Nitrobacteria. They are proteinaceous structures resembling phage heads in their morphology; they contain the enzymes of carbon dioxide fixation in these organisms. It is thought that the high local concentration of the enzymes, along with the fast conversion of bicarbonate to carbon dioxide by carbonic anhydrase, allows faster and more efficient carbon dioxide fixation than is possible inside the cytoplasm. Similar structures are known to harbor the B12-containing coenzyme glycerol dehydratase, the key enzyme of glycerol fermentation to 1, 3-propanediol, in some Enterobacteriaceae, such as Salmonella.

Market Analysis:

Evaluation of emerging technologies in the carboxysomes that have potential in the market, with improved control and well-accepted newer methods. The global market for carboxysomes totalled $24 billion in 2012. The overall market is projected to be worth $25.7 billion by 2013 and $40.2 billion by 2018, a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for of 9.3% from 2013 to 2018.

International symposium and workshops

  • 13th US-Japan Symposium on Drug Delivery Systems
    December 16-20, 2015 Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii
  • 43rd Annual Meeting and Exposition of the Controlled Release Society
    July 17-20, 2016 Seattle, WA, US

List of Best International Conferences:

  1. 6th Asia-Pacific Pharma Congress July 14-16, 2016 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  2. Nanomedicine Conference July 25-27, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
  3. 8th Pharmaceutics and Novel Drug Delivery Systems Conference 
    March 07-09, 2016 Madrid, Spain
  4. Industrial Pharmacy Conference April 28-29, 2016 Dubai, UAE
  5. 4th European Pharma Congress June 13-15, 2016 Berlin, Germany
  6. American Pharma Expo June 20-22, 2016 New Orleans, USA
  7. 4th Neuropharmacology Conference September 15-17, 2016 San Antonio, USA
  8. 2nd Pharma Middle East Congress October 12-14, 2016 Dubai, UAE
  9. 4th Clinical Pharmacy Conference Oct 31 - Nov 01, 2016 Las Vegas, USA
  10. 2nd Drug Discovery Conference Oct 31-Nov 02, 2016 Istanbul, Turkey
  11. World Congress and Exhibition on Antibiotics 
    September 14-16, 2015 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
  12. 4th International Conference and Exhibition on Immunology 
    September 28-30, 2015 Houston, Texas, USA
  13. International Conference on Lipid Science & Technology 
    November 30-December 02, 2015 San Francisco, USA
  14. 3rd International Conference on Genomics & Pharmacogenomics 
    September 21-23, 2015 San Antonio, USA
  15. 4th International Conference on Clinical Microbiology and Microbial Genomics 
    October 05-07, 2015 Philadelphia, USA
  16. ICI 2015: 17th International Conference on Immunology 
    September 25 - 26, 2015 London, United Kingdom
  17. 4th European Congress of Immunology (ECI 2015) In Vienna, Austria
  18. British Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Annual Meeting 2015 
    September 4- 6, 2015 Telford, United Kingdom

Relevant Societies and Associations

  • International society of drug delivery sciences and technology
  • International Neuromodulation Society
  • Society for Neuroscience
  • American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
  • Japanese Society of Drug Delivery Systems
  • International Association for Pharmaceutical Technology
  • Controlled Release Society


  • BiondVax Pharmaceuticals
  • Reckitt Benckiser Pharmaceuticals
  • MidaSol Therapeutics
  • Applied Pharma Research
  • FFT Medical 
  • Cynapsus Therapeutics 
  • MonoSol Rx 

This page will be updated regularly.

This page was last updated on 18th Sep, 2015

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