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A variety of natural, synthetic, and biosynthetic polymers are bio and environmentally degradable. A polymer based on a C-C backbone tends to resist degradation, whereas heteroatom-containing polymer backbones confer biodegradability. Biodegradability can, therefore, be engineered into polymers by the judicious addition of chemical linkages such as anhydride, ester, or amide bonds, among others. The usual mechanism for degradation is by hydrolysis or enzymatic cleavage of the labile heteroatom bonds, resulting in a scission of the polymer backbone. Macroorganisms can eat and, sometimes, digest polymers, and also initiate a mechanical, chemical, or enzymatic aging.
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Scope and Importance:
Biodegradable polymers with hydrolyzable chemical bonds are researched extensively for biomedical, pharmaceutical, agricultural, and packaging applications.2 In order to be used in medical devices and controlled-drug-release applications, the biodegradable polymer must be biocompatible and meet other criteria to be qualified as biomaterial-processable, sterilizable, and capable of controlled stability or degradation in response to biological conditions.3 The chemical nature of the degradation products, rather than of the polymer itself, often critically influences biocompatibility. Poly(esters) based on polylactide (PLA), polyglycolide (PGA), polycaprolactone (PCL), and their copolymers have been extensively employed as biomaterials.4,5 Degradation of these materials yields the corresponding hydroxy acids, making them safe for in vivo use. Applications and Advantages: Biodegradable plastics take less time to break down, Biodegradable plastics are renewable, Biodegradable plastics are good for the environment, Biodegradable plastics require less energy to produce, Biodegradable plastics are easier to recycle, Biodegradable plastics are not toxic , Biodegradable plastics reduce dependence on foreign oil.
The extensive usage of biodegradable polymers in medical devices is expected to push the global biodegradable polymers market. The report estimates the growth of the overall market during the period between 2012 and 2018. The report provides a brief overview of the market, defining the key terms, and estimates the valuation and size of the market by the end of the forecast period. The report studies the drivers and restraints affecting the growth of the global biodegradable polymers market and points out the new emerging trends and opportunities in the market. The report further analyzes the effect of Porter’s Five Forces on the growth of the market.
Polymer Science Conference
June 23-24, 2016 New Orleans, USA
2nd Biopolymers Conference
August 1-3, 2016 Manchester, UK
Sustainable Bioplastics Conference
November 10-12, 2016 Alicante, Spain
International Workshop on Polymer Reaction Engineering
May, 17-20, 2016, Hamburg, Germany.
Inorganic Polymers Conference
February, 12-15 2016, Carvoeiro, Algarve, Portugal.
80th Prague Meeting on Macromolecules - Self-Organization in the World of Polymers
July 10 - 14 2016, Prague (CZ)
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This page was last updated on 14th Sep, 2015
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