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Bioterrorism is terrorism involving the intentional release or dissemination of biological agents. These agents are bacteria, viruses, or toxins, and may be in a naturally occurring or a human-modified form. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention a bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins or other harmful agents used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants. These agents are typically found in nature, but it is possible that they could be mutated or altered to increase their ability to cause disease, make them resistant to current medicines, or to increase their ability to be spread into the environment. Biological agents can be spread through the air, water, or in food. Terrorists tend to use biological agents because they are extremely difficult to detect and do not cause illness for several hours to several days. Some bioterrorism agents, like the smallpox virus, can be spread from person to person and some, like anthrax, cannot. Bioterrorism is an attractive weapon because biological agents are relatively easy and inexpensive to obtain, can be easily disseminated, and can cause widespread fear and panic beyond the actual physical damage. Military leaders, however, have learned that, as a military asset, bioterrorism has some important limitations; it is difficult to employ a bioweapon in a way that only the enemy is affected and not friendly forces. A biological weapon is useful to terrorists mainly as a method of creating mass panic and disruption to a state or a country. However, technologists such as Bill Joy have warned of the potential power which genetic engineering might place in the hands of future bio-terrorists. The uses of agents that do not cause harm to humans but disrupt the economy have been discussed. A highly relevant pathogen in this context is the foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus, which is capable of causing widespread economic damage and public concern (as witnessed in the 2001 and 2007 FMD outbreaks in the UK), whilst having almost no capacity to infect humans. Under current United States law, bio-agents which have been declared by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services or the U.S. Department of Agriculture to have the "potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety" are officially defined as "select agents". Topics like Sperm collection and Cryopreservation, Breeding practices in dairy farm, Livestock Biotechnology are of interest.
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Scope and Importance
The CDC categorizes these agents (A, B or C) and administers the Select Agent Program, which regulates the laboratories which may possess, use, or transfer select agents within the United States. As with US attempts to categorize harmful recreational drugs, designer viruses are not yet categorized and avian H5N1 has been shown to achieve high mortality and human-communication in a laboratory setting. Biological agents are relatively easy to obtain by terrorists and are becoming more threatening in the U.S., and laboratories are working on advanced detection systems to provide early warning, identify contaminated areas and populations at risk, and to facilitate prompt treatment. Methods for predicting the use of biological agents in urban areas as well as assessing the area for the hazards associated with a biological attack are being established in major cities. In addition, forensic technologies are working on identifying biological agents, their geographical origins and/or their initial source. Efforts include decontamination technologies to restore facilities without causing additional environmental concerns. Early detection and rapid response to bioterrorism depend on close cooperation between public health authorities and law enforcement; however, such cooperation is currently lacking. National detection assets and vaccine stockpiles are not useful if local and state officials do not have access to them.
This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Bioterrorism in Millions of US$. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Europe, Asia, and Middle East. Annual forecasts are provided for each region for the period of 2001 through 2015. The report profiles 66 companies including many key and niche players worldwide such as Acambis Plc., AVI BioPharma, Inc., Blücher Gmbh, Evogen, Inc., Human Genome Sciences Inc., ICX Technologies, Inc., ILC Dover LP, Medarex, Inc., Northrop Grumman Corporation, PharmAthene, Inc., Scott Health & Safety, Smiths Detection, The Baker Company, Universal Detection Technology and Universal Detection Technology. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research.
October 26-28, 2015 Hyderabad, India
June 30-July 02, 2016 New Orleans, USA
3. Livestock Nutritio Conference
July 21-22, 2016 Brisbane, Australia
4. 3rd Veterinary Conference August 18-20, 2016 London, UK
5.USA 17th International Conference on Counter Terrorism and Human Security
August 31-September 02, 2015 Florida, USA
6.COMS- The 13th Conference of The Egyptian Society For Cattle Diseases
1-4 February 2016, Hurghada, Egypt
7.COMS- Veterinary Thermal Imaging Course
09 Sep 2015 → 13 Sep 2015 San Luis Obispo, USA
8. COMS- ESDAR — 19th Annual Conference of ESDAR and Annual Meeting of EU-AI Vets
16 Sep 2015 → 19 Sep 2015 Sofia, Bulgaria
9. American Association of Bovine Practitioners 48th Annual Conference
17 Sep 2015 → 19 Sep 2015 New Orleans, La., USA
Bioterrorism Related Associations and Societies
Infectious Diseases Society of America: IDSA
Texas Medical Association
American Medical Association
American Hospital Association (AHA)
UCLA Department of Epidemiology
World Health Organization
MMWR Terrorism Preparedness Compendium
Center for Biosecurity
Federal Emergency Management Association (FEMA)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's
Bioterrorism Related Companies :
MiddleBrook Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Achillion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Peregrine Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Optimer Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Point Therapeutics Inc
Gilead Sciences, Inc.
Monogram Biosciences, Inc.
Commtouch Software Ltd.
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This page was last updated on 11th Sep, 2015
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