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Patent citations are documents that are linked together when one document mentions another as having related content, in the context of patents, a citation is a reference to a previous work which is relevant to the current patent application. These citations are to be found in the search reports which the patent office examiners produce when they check that a particular invention really is new. And because it is the patent office examiners who have made the connection between new ideas and existing ideas we know that the connection must be valid - after all, the examiners are unbiased and they are experts in their fields. Citations can be existing patents of course, but they might also be non-patent publications such as journal articles, conference papers or trade literature. Patent office’s may produce their own electronic records that include citation data. However, the European Patent Office (EPO) is probably the main source for most search databases. The EPO collects, produces and maintains patent bibliographic data (including citation data) for major patenting authorities from around the world. There are two reasons why a patent can be cited by another patent: the applicant disclosed it as known prior art or the examiner found it during the search. There are also different interpretations among these services about how a citation search should be performed. At least one search service, performs a citation search not only on a subject patent, but also on every other member of its patent family in parallel, creating a much larger results set because it is drawing in citations from equivalent patents published in other countries. Because of these differences, users should be aware of how a service is searching citations, and what data it covers, in order to ensure the search is complete and accurate. Patents and patent citations have been used by many authors to shed light on the innovative processes and products resulting from years of research and development within a firm or institutional setting. There is much data to be found within patents and patent citations. Patents citations are determined by the examiner who, with the help of the data supplied by the applicant and their attorney, determines what citations are relevant or not With these citations one can map, just as we did with the author and journal citations, the progress in a sense of the knowledge contained within the patent document. The number of citations a patent has can also been seen to be linked to the market value of the company owning the patent and the value of the technology. OMICS Group is an Open Access publishing journals that is responsible for the dissemination of scientific process and research articles to the global community. Its Open Access journals Initiative is committed to make genuine and reliable contributions to the scientific community. OMICS Publishing Group having over 300 leading peer reviewed Open Access journals and has organized more than 300 scientific conferences all over the world. OMICS Group has more than 1000 scientific associations and 30,000 editorial board members and 3.5 million readers to its credit. OMICS Group is a pioneer and leading Science event organizer. OMICS Group International Conferences 2014 and 2015 are instrumental in providing a momentous platform for the world renowned scientists, researchers, students, academicians, institutions, entrepreneurs and industries through International Science Conferences. The main vision and mission of OMICS Publishing Group is to provide free access to scientific literature for quick dissemination of scientific updates and it also provides source of reference and retrieval free of cost. OMICS Group organizes International conferences and Annual meetings in association with organizing committees across the world. OMICS Group conferences bring together scientists, researchers and practitioners to discuss methodological innovations, practical applications and new findings in the research areas of Science, Technology and Management. Research fellows and professors in various disciplines submit works in the form of manuscripts which undergo quality check before being approved for publication.
Pharma Patents Conferences in 2015: 1. International Patent Information Conference & Exposition 2. Global Intellectual Property Convention 3. Drug and Medical Device Litigation 4. Trade Secrets Protection & Enforcement 5. Pharma & Biotech Patent Litigation 6. Effective Trade Mark Administration 7. Best Practices For Selling Your Patents 8. Certified Patent Valuation Analyst 9. EU & US Patent Applications Lists of Societies related to pharma: 1) International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE) 2) American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS), USA 3) Austrian Association of Hospital Pharmacists (AAHP), Australia 4) Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences (CSPS), Canada 5) Chinese Pharmaceutical Association (CPA), China 6) European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences (EUFEPS), Europe 7) German Pharmaceutical Society (DPhG), Germany 8) Indian Pharmaceutical Association (IPA), India Major Pharma and related Companies: 1) Pfizer, USA 2) Novartis, Switzerland 3) Merck & Co., USA 4) Bayer, Germany 5) GlaxoSmithKline, U K 6) Johnson & Johnson, USA 7) Sanofi, France 8) Hoffmann–La Roche, Switzerland 9) AstraZeneca, UK 10) Abbott Laboratories, USA 11) Bristol-Myers Squibb, USA 12) Eli Lilly and Company, USA 13) Amgen, USA 14) Takeda Pharmaceutical Co., Japan
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This page was last updated on 09th Oct, 2014
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