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As per available reports about 167 Conference proceedings and 106 Relevant Journals are published by OMICS International relevant to Coronary Artery.
Coronary Artery is the circulation of blood in the blood vessels of the heart muscle (myocardium). The vessels that deliver oxygen-rich blood to the myocardium are known as coronary arteries. The vessels that remove the deoxygenated blood from the heart muscle are known as cardiac veins. These include the great cardiac vein, the middle cardiac vein, the small cardiac vein and the anterior cardiac veins.As the left and right coronary arteries run on the surface of the heart, they can be called epicardial coronary arteries. These arteries, when healthy, are capable of autoregulation to maintain coronary blood flow at levels appropriate to the needs of the heart muscle. On vigorous study of Cardiovascular Diseases through Cardiology Case Reports and Case Reports on Pathology, all the diseases and possible treatments related to Coronary Artery can be generated by the branch of Integrative Cardiology.
Scope & Importance
The coronary arteries control the supply of blood to the heart muscle depending on how much oxygen it needs at the time, as indicated by the heart rate, blood pressure the force of heart's contractions, the thickness of heart muscle. The key way to increase the oxygen supply to the heart is to increase the blood flow through the coronary arteries. Heart increases the blood flow by dilating coronary arteries. If coronary arteries aren't able to dilate properly, heart muscle may not be able to get the amount of oxygen it needs to function properly. The coronary arteries also contain the collateral coronary arteries, small blood vessels which link the normal coronary arteries with one another. When the heart is healthy, these vessels play only a minor role, but when it becomes obstructed, collateral coronary arteries help increase the flow of blood to the area of the heart that is being deprived of blood flow. These vessels, although small, may actually be successful in providing sufficient blood to help avert major harm to the heart muscle during a heart attack. When the heart doesn't get sufficient oxygen-rich blood through the coronary arteries, the affected heart muscle can weaken or die.
These relatively narrow vessels are commonly affected by atherosclerosis and can become blocked, causing angina or a heart attack. The coronary arteries that run deep within the myocardium are referred to as subendocardial. The coronary arteries are classified as "end circulation", since they represent the only source of blood supply to the myocardium; there is very little redundant blood supply, which is why blockage of these vessels can be so critical. Recent research efforts focus on new angiogenic treatment modalities (angiogenesis) and various (adult) stem cell therapies. The field of angiogenesis is rapidly progressing, yet the systematic application of current knowledge to improve patient care remains a formidable challenge.
National Symposium and conferences provide a dedicated forum for the advancement, implementation and exchange of information about angiogenesis and its allied areas. Around 10 National symposiums and Workshops are going to be held across the globe which includes “13th Holistic Approaches In Cardiovascular Diseases Symposium 2014 (HOPECARDIS 2014)”, “The 14th Annual International Symposium on Congenital Heart Disease” and “31st Annual Symposium Cardiology for the Practitioner” and many more. Some of the Heart disease associations are the European Society of Cardiology , exists primarily to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease in Europe.
The European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) goal is to provide a framework for concerted scientific and clinical discussion of new developments in basic research, diagnosis and therapy of atherosclerosis. The National Heart and Lung Institute, its main aim is to carry out research, development and education in cardiovascular and respiratory science. Since coronary arteries deliver blood to the heart muscle, any coronary artery disorder or disease can have serious implications by reducing the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. This can lead to a heart attack and possibly death. Atherosclerosis (a buildup of plaque in the inner lining of an artery causing it to narrow or become blocked) is the most common cause of heart disease. Some of the Heart disease associations are the European Society of Cardiology, exists primarily to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease in Europe. The European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) goal is to provide a framework for concerted scientific and clinical discussion of new developments in basic research, diagnosis and therapy of atherosclerosis. The National Heart and Lung Institute, its main aim is to carry out research, development and education in cardiovascular and respiratory science.
There are some anastomoses between branches of the two coronary arteries. However the coronary arteries are functionally end arteries and so these meetings are referred to as anatomical anastamoses, which lack function, as opposed to functional or physiological anastomoses like that in the palm of the hand. This is because blockage of one coronary artery generally results in death of the heart tissue due to lack of sufficient blood supply from the other branch. When two arteries or their branches join, the area of the myocardium receives dual blood supply. These junctions are called anastomoses. If one coronary artery is obstructed by an atheroma, the second artery is still able to supply oxygenated blood to the myocardium. However, this can only occur if the atheroma progresses slowly, giving the anastomoses a chance to proliferate.
Under the most common configuration of coronary arteries, there are three areas of anastomoses. Small branches of the LAD (left anterior descending/anterior interventricular) branch of the left coronary join with branches of the posterior interventricular branch of the right coronary in the interventricular groove. More superiorly, there is an anastomosis between the circumflex artery (a branch of the left coronary artery) and the right coronary artery in the atrioventricular groove. There is also an anastomosis between the septal branches of the two coronary arteries in the interventricular septum. The photograph shows area of heart supplied by the right and the left coronary arteries.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease in the United States. For some people, the first sign of CAD is a heart attack. About 720,000 people in the U.S. suffer heart attacks each year. Of these, 515,000 are a first heart attack and 205,000 happen in people who have already had a heart attack. It is the major cause of death in the United States, killing nearly 787,000 people alone in 2011. Heart disease is the prominent cause of death for people of most racial/ethnic groups in the United States, including African Americans, Hispanics and Whites. For Asian Americans or Pacific Islanders and American Indians or Alaska Natives, heart disease is second only to cancer. Cardiovascular diseases title more lives than all forms of cancer combined. Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease, killing nearly 380,000 people annually. Direct and indirect costs of heart disease total more than $320.1 billion including all health expenditures and lost productivity.
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This page was last updated on 14th Sep, 2015
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