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Multilingualism is the use of two or more languages, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers. Multilingual speakers outnumber monolingual speakers in the world's population. Multilingualism is becoming a social phenomenon governed by the needs of globalization and cultural openness. Owing to the ease of access to information facilitated by the Internet, individuals exposure to multiple languages is becoming increasingly frequent thereby promoting a need to acquire additional languages. People who speak several languages are also called polyglots. Most of the world's population is bilingual or multilingual. Monolingualism is characteristic only of a minority of the world's peoples. According to figures cited in Stavenhagen (1990) for example, five to eight thousand different ethnic groups reside in approximately 160 nation states. Moreover, scholars estimate that there are over 5000 distinct languages spoken in that same small number of nation states. What is evident from these figures is that few nations are either monolingual or mono-ethnic. Each of the world's nations has groups of individuals living within its borders who use other languages in addition to the national language to function in their everyday lives.
Because there are very different kinds of bilinguals and multilinguals, much effort in the study of bilingualism has gone into developing categories which might make the measurement and description of these differences possible. The categories used to describe different types of bilinguals reflect different researchers' interests in focusing on specific aspects of bilingual ability or experience. Researchers concerned about the age of acquisition of bilingualism, for example, classify bilingual individuals as either early or late bilinguals and further subdivide early bilinguals into simultaneous bilinguals (those who acquired two languages simultaneously as a first language) or sequential bilinguals (those who acquired the second language (L2) after the first language (L1) was acquired). Researchers, on the other hand, concerned about the differences between persons who choose to study a second language and those who grow up in communities where several languages are spoken have used the terms elite, academic, and elective bilinguals for the former and natural, folk, and circumstantial bilinguals for the latter.
The usefulness of these labels and categories clearly depends on the specific interest a researcher has in bilingualism. Meaningful comparisons of bilingual persons cannot generally be made unless attention is given to the differences and similarities between these individuals in terms of a number of key dimensions such as age of acquisition of the second language, circumstances in which the two languages are used, patterns of use of the two languages in the surrounding community, level of formal education received in each language, and degrees of proficiency.
OMICS Group International Conferences is proud to host around 300 international scientific conferences around the globe to address the current issues and discoveries in the field of Medical, Immunology & Microbiology, Clinical, Material Science, Agri, Food ,Aqua, Neuroscience, Mass media, Business and Management, EEE, Chemistry, Physics, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Nursing and Health care, Pharma, Chemical Engineering and Veterinary sciences. We have largest gathering of the scientific researcher’s community across the globe with hands on expertise in conducting events and scientific sessions such as keynote presentation, oral presentation, poster presentations, worldclass exhibitions, International symposiums highly enriched International workshops which helps our attendees to learn the recent advancement of their topic of interest and also helps in growing the scientific partnership among the participants.
Associations of Multilingualism
• Multilingual Children's Association
• International Association of Multilingualism
• Illinois Association of Multilingual Multicultural Education
• Union of International Associations
• Swiss Association for Multilingual Education (APEPS)
• Globalization and Localization Association
• EU Civil Society Platform on Multilingualism
Conferences on Multilingualism
• Conceptualizing, Investigating, and Practicing Multilingualism and Multiculturalism from 27-Feb-2015 - 28-Feb-2015 at Washington, DC, USA.
• International Colloquium on Multilingualism and Interpreting in Settings of Globalisation from 19-Feb-2015 - 20-Feb-2015 at Ghent, Belgium.
• Multilingualism in Education: Policies, Practices and Assessment from 05-Mar-2015 - 06-Mar-2015 at Ghent, Belgium.
• Multilingualism in Baltic-Sea Europe from 13-Apr-2015 - 15-Apr-2015 at Mainz, Germany.
• Receptive Multilingualism: Multilingual Resources in Service of Mutual Understanding from 28-May-2015 - 29-May-2015 at Joensuu, Finland.
• Multilingualism in Tertiary Education from 26-Jul-2015 - 31-Jul-2015 at Antwerp, Belgium.
• International Conference on Multilingualism from 24 - 25 October 2013, Montreal.
• Bilingualism in the Hispanic and Lusophone World from 14-16 January 2016, Leiden, Netherlands.
• 4th International Conference on Language, Education and Diversity from 23-26 November 2015, Auckland, New Zealand.
• Bi-SLI 2015: Bilingualism and Specific Language Impairment from 02-03 July 2015, Tours, France.
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This page was last updated on 10th Oct, 2014
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