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Infection is the invasion of a host organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce. Infectious diseases, also known as transmissible diseases or communicable diseases comprise clinically evident illness resulting from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic biological agents in an individual host organism.
Chronic Infections are the infections diagnosed at a long run; chronic infections are insidious in nature. The immune system is incapable of fighting them off, as a result of which the infective agent can become entrenched in the system. Often the symptoms of a chronic infection are not even noticeable, but they tend to grow and cause potentially life threatening or quality of life degrading situations with time.
Difference Between Acute and Chronic Infections:
Chronic infections and acute infections may have similar infective agents, but the implications are different. Infections in general are a group of conditions characterized by an immune system whose defenses have been breached. A healthy immune system is fighting off infective agents all the time, often without us even noticing. We are under constant attack from bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites. Acute infections are those when the defenses get breached, but the immune system responds actively. After a brief battle, the immune system is typically victorious, and in many cases, antibodies formed from the exposure can protect the individual for certain periods of time from future infections.
Chronic infections are scenarios where the immune system fails to respond to the infective agent - for many possible reasons. It can cause inflammation of tissues that we may, or may not, be able to feel but which can have long term deleterious effects. Even though these chronic infections don’t always cause overt symptoms, they still tax the body and can cause nutritional deficiencies, stress on the adrenal glands and on the immune system as a whole.
Some typical Chronic Infections include
• Hepatitis C
• Epstein Barr Virus/Cytomegalovirus
• Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Fibromyalgia
• Gulf War Syndrome
Signs and Symptoms
Most people find out they have a chronic infection following a diagnosis from a doctor. However, the vast majority of chronic infections go unnoticed. General signs and symptoms can be many and varied. Depending on the type of chronic infection that you have, you may experience fever, weight loss, and fatigue. The severity of the following signs and symptoms can vary. Symptoms could include
• Fatigue for 3 months or longer
• Weight loss
• Unexplained fevers
• Depressed white blood cell count
• Increased white blood cell count
• Rheumatoid Arthritis
• Pain Night Sweats
Chronic infections tend to be complex conditions in how they are treated. These conditions and treatments are often long-lasting and persistent in their effects and can produce a range of complications. The core of treating any chronic infection is by using an antibiotic or combination of antibiotics. Long-term use of antibiotics is also not desirable because of the series of side effects that can happen. As antibiotics become stronger, the side effects can get more and more pronounced.
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Scope and Importance
Clinical Microbiology Conference provides the scope for opportunities to learn progressed by international scientists and academicians. To achieve the goals of Microbiologist, antimicrobials act on different but interconnected parts of the immune system.
The market for breathing disorder diagnostics and therapeutics is expected to grow at a significant CAGR during the forecast period from 2014 to 2020 owing to increasing incidences of respiratory disorders across the globe. The global COPD market is estimated to currently be worth $11.3 billion, and is forecast to reach a value of $15.6 billion by 2019. Deaths from types of Chronic infections Chronic illness: 1,634,976 deaths (68.4% of deaths) from top-5 chronic diseases: heart disease, cancers, stroke, COPD, and diabetes(CDC/1999), chronic hepatitis C: estimated 8,000 to 10,000 deaths annually in the United States (NIDDK).
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1. MedLicense, India
2. Lishi Medicine Raw Material for Medicine Company Wholesale Department, China
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4. National Board of Medical Examiners, United States
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This page was last updated on 12th Sep, 2015
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