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Ceramography is the art and science of devising, testing and assessment of ceramic microstructures of approximately 0.1µm to 0.1mM. These microstructures lie between the minimum wavelength of visible light and the resolution limit of the human eye. This may include grains, grain boundaries, secondary phases, pores, hardness micro indentions and micro-cracks. Ceramography is part of the broader field of materialography, which involves all the microscopic techniques of material analysis, such as petrography, metallography and plastography. Ceramography is commonly reserved for high-performance ceramics for industrial applications, such as 85–99.9% alumina (Al2O3), zirconia (ZrO2), silicon carbide (SiC), silicon nitride (Si3N4), and composites made up of ceramic-matrix. It is rarely used on whiteware ceramics like (sanitary ware, wall tiles and dishware).
Ceramographic analysis: Ceramic microstructures are most often analyzed by reflected bright field visible-light microscopy. Darkfield is used in limited conditions, to reveal cracks. Polarized transmitted light is used with thin sections, where the contrast between grains comes from double refraction. Very fine microstructures may need the higher magnification and resolution of a scanning electron microscope (SEM) or confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). The cathodoluminescence microscope (CLM) is useful for distinguishing phases of refractories. The transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning acoustic microscope (SAM) have specialty applications in ceramography.
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Scope and Importance:
Transition zones between ceramics and metals represent functionally important parts of coated components and composite materials in which the properties required for the given respective technical use are optimally realized by the combination of both metallic materials and high strength ceramics. For the quality control of the seam strengths and the adjacent regions of the ceramic and metal materials, microstructural investigations are indispensable. To this end, ceramography and metallography both offer useful techniques for the preparation of specimens and for making the microstructure visible for both light- and electron microscope observation. ceramographic and metallographic techniques and methods suited to solve problems of preparation, microstructural evaluation, and determination of properties.
The purpose of ceramics processing to an applied science is the natural result of an increasing ability to refine, develop, and characterize ceramic materials. The global market was estimated to total $183 million in 2012 and is projected to increase to $622 million in 2017; the market should total $799.3 million by 2018 and nearly $2.5 billion by 2022, and have a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for of 27.7% from 2012 to 2017.
1. The American Ceramic Society
2. The Electronic Device Failure Analysis Society (EDFAS)
3. The International Metallographic Society (IMS)
March 14-16, 2016 London, UK.
1. Caparo Materials Engineering (CME)
2. CG2 Nanocoatings
3. Tata companies
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This page was last updated on 14th Sep, 2015
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