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Bloodstream Infection


Blood stream infection is the presence of bacteria in the blood. The blood is normally a sterile environment; hence the detection of bacteria in the blood is always abnormal. Bacteria can enter the bloodstream as a severe complication of infections (like pneumonia or meningitis), during surgery (especially when involving mucous membranes such as the gastrointestinal tract), or due to catheters and some other foreign bodies entering the arteries or veins (including intravenous drug abuse).Bacteremia can have several consequences. The immune response to the bacteria can cause sepsis and septic shock, which has a relatively very high mortality rate. Bacteria can also use the blood to spread into other parts of the body (which is called hematogenous spread), causing infections far from the original site of infection. Examples cases include endocarditis or osteomyelitis. Treatment with antibiotics and prevention with antibiotic prophylaxis can be given in situations where problems are to be expected. Bacteremia is the presence of viable bacteria in the blood stream. Bacteremia is different from sepsis (so-called blood poisoning or toxemia), which is a condition where bacteremia is associated with an inflammatory response from the body (causing systemic inflammatory response syndrome, characterized by rapid breathing, low blood pressure, fever, etc.). Common oral hygiene, such as brushing teeth or flossing, can cause transient but harmless bacteremia. Some sufferer with prosthetic heart valves however needs antibiotic prophylaxis for dental surgery because bacteremia might lead to endocarditis (infection causing inflammation of the interior lining of the heart). Bacteremia, as noted above, frequently elicits a vigorous immune system response.
Bacteremia is diagnosed by culturing the blood for bacteria. hematopathologists.Hematologists and hematopathologists generally work in conjunction to formulate a diagnosis and deliver the most appropriate therapy if needed.Hematology is a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine, separate from but overlapping with the subspecialty of medical oncology. Samples may need to be examine several times over several hours. Blood analysis may also reveal an elevated number of white blood cells. Blood pressure is monitored closely; a decline in blood pressure mayindicate the onset of septic shock. Bacteremia may cause no symptoms, but may be discovered through a blood test for another condition. In this situation, it may not need to be treated, except in patients especially at risk for infection, such as patients with heart valve defects or whose immune systems are suppressed.Hematology conferences, workshops and symposiums are an excellent platform to share and experience the latest advancement in the diagnosis, treatment and research methodologies.

OMICS Group is an amalgamation of Open Access publications and international science conferences. Established in the year 2007 with the sole aim of making the information on Science and technology ‘Open Access’, OMICS Group publishes 400 online open access scholarly journals in Science, Engineering, Management and Technology. OMICS International Conferencessets an ideal path for international association triggering and inspiring scientific society with the newest research work. The Symposia, workshops and exhibitions are the key specialties of the OMICS Group Meetings. The Scientific world and business delegates at the conferences have praised the conferences for their networking opportunities in its B2B and Scientific Meetings.OMICS Group adds value to its conventions by identifying outstanding speakers and delegates from various parts of the world.

Conferences The 13th International Symposium on Myelodyplastic Syndrome
Annual Scientific Meetings of the Haematology Society of Australia and New Zealand
EuroSciCon on Innate Immune Response to Pathogens
Co-infection: A global change for disease control
The 9th Healthcare Infection Society Conference International conference
The 12th Annual Mayo Review
3rd International Conference on Hematology & Blood Disorders 2014
Sepsis: Improving recognition and management
83rd Congress of the European Atherosclerosis Society
Seventh Annual Symposium on Infection Prevention and Control
Cell-VIB Symposium: The Multifaceted Roles of Type 2 Immunity
Innate Immunity and Determinants of Microbial Pathogenesis

Association and Societies Argentine Society of Cancerology
Haematology Society of Australia and New Zealand
Australian & New Zealand Society of Blood Transfusion
Australasian Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
International Society for Chemotherapy Infection and Cancer
African Society of Chemotherapy
Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Federation of Infectious Diseases Societies of Southern Africa
Albanian Society of Infectious Diseases
Arab Society of Chemotherapy, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases

Companies CareFusion, Australia
Nanosphere, Northbrook, IL
Center for Disease control and Prevention, Sweden
3M, UK
WebMD, Ireland
European Hospital Verlags GmbH, Germany
Zurex Pharma Inc, USA
Ambulatory Infusion Care, USA
LifeWise Nutrition, Canada
Logical Therapeutics Inc, USA

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This page was last updated on 26th Nov, 2014

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