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Linguistic Diversity

Linguistic diversity is part and parcel of the diversity of life in nature and culture. Any loss in linguistic diversity is a loss in the vitality and resilience of the whole web of life. Every time a language disappears, along with the cultural traditions and cultural knowledge it conveys, it’s a piece of the planet’s living fabric that gets torn off, leaving all of the living world more fragile, more vulnerable, and with fewer options for the future. There are about 7,000 languages spoken in the world today. However, the numbers of speakers of these languages are vastly uneven. To put it simply, there are a few languages each with a lot of speakers, and a lot of other languages each with a small number of speakers. In fact, the distribution is so skewed, that half of the world’s population speaks one or other of only 25 “big” languages, while the other half of the world’s population speaks one or other of the remaining 6,975 or so languages. And these smaller languages are increasingly losing ground to the “big” languages. Concern about the loss of diversity and vitality of the world’s languages has been building for over two decades. Yet, until recently, this concern was only based on anecdotal evidence, which suggested that many languages will become extinct in the coming decades. Now for the first time Terralingua researchers have gathered rigorous scientific data that reveal an alarming rate of decline in global linguistic diversity.

Linguistic diversity index (LDI) or Greenberg’s diversity index is an index to measure how diverse a country’s languages are. It is on a scale of 1 to 0 with 1 indicating infinite diversity (that is, no two people have the same mother tongue) 0 indicates no diversity at all (that is, everyone has the same mother tongue). The computation of the diversity index is based on the population of each language as a proportion of the total population. The Index of Linguistic Diversity is the first-ever quantitative measure of trends in the world’s linguistic diversity. It tells us that, since 1970, global linguistic diversity has diminished by 20%. Indigenous linguistic diversity has decreased even more markedly in most regions of the world. The 16 largest world languages have increased their share of the world’s population from 45% to 55%. Languages spoken by indigenous peoples, which make up 80% to 85% of the world’s languages, have been especially affected. The global rate of decline for indigenous languages is slightly faster (21%) than the global average for all languages, with enormous variations between different regions of the world. Between 1970 and 2005, indigenous linguistic diversity declined by about 60% in the Americas, 30% in the Pacific, and 20% in Africa. The dramatic decline in linguistic diversity is due to ever-growing social and economic pressures that are inducing or even forcing people to switch from generally smaller, more geographically restricted languages to larger languages, especially global languages like Mandarin Chinese, Hindi, English, or Spanish, or regionally dominant languages like Swahili. The top 16 languages spoken worldwide increased their share of the global population from 45% in 1970 to 55% in 2005. The changes in the number of mother-tongue speakers are associated with shifts in the use of a given language in adult speakers, as well as with a decline in the transmission of that language to new generations. The ILD data provide strong support to the claim that there is a global crisis of linguistic diversity loss. The ILD captures the magnitude of the problem in a way that is easy to understand and informative for researchers, educators, policy makers, and the general public.

OMICS Group International Conferences is proud to host around 300 international scientific conferences around the globe to address the current issues and discoveries in the field of Medical, Immunology & Microbiology, Clinical, Material Science, Agri, Food ,Aqua, Neuroscience, Mass media, Business and Management, EEE, Chemistry, Physics, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Nursing and Health care, Pharma, Chemical Engineering and Veterinary sciences. We have largest gathering of the scientific researcher’s community across the globe with hands on expertise in conducting events and scientific sessions such as keynote presentation, oral presentation, poster presentations, worldclass exhibitions, International symposiums highly enriched International workshops which helps our attendees to learn the recent advancement of their topic of interest and also helps in growing the scientific partnership among the participants.

Associations of Linguistic Diversity
• Network to Promote Linguistic Diversity (NPLD)
• Centre for Research on Language Diversity
• National Association for the Education of Young Children
• Association for Progressive Communications
• Globalization and Localization Association
• British Association for Applied Linguistics
• American Association for Applied Linguistics
• French Association for Applied Linguistics
• International Association of Applied Linguistics
• Association of Applied Linguistics
• Applied Linguistics Association of Australia
• Center for Applied Linguistics

Conferences on Linguistic Diversity
• 15th Conference of the Texas Linguistic Society from 24-Oct-2014 - 26-Oct-2014 at Austin, TX, USA.
• 35th Annual Conference of Linguistic Society of Nepal from 26-Nov-2014 - 27-Nov-2014 at Kathmandu, Nepal.
• Current Issues in Linguistic Variation from 28-Nov-2014 - 29-Nov-2014 at Bucharest, Romania.
• 2nd Asian and European Linguistic Conference FROM 05-Dec-2014 - 06-Dec-2014 at Newcastle, United Kingdom.
• Association for Linguistic Evidence 2015 from 08-Jan-2015 - 11-Jan-2015 at Portland, Oregon, USA.
• Linguistic Society of America 2015 Annual Meeting from 08-Jan-2015 - 11-Jan-2015 at Portland, Oregon, USA.
• 45th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages from 06-May-2015 - 09-May-2015 at Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
• 2nd International Conference on Linguistic Typology (China) from 16-Oct-2015 - 20-Oct-2015 at Nanchang, Jiangxi province, China.
• 7th Lodz Symposium: New Developments in Linguistic Pragmatics from 12-Apr-2015 - 14-Apr-2015 at Lodz, Poland.
• Association for Linguistic Evidence 2015 from 08-Jan-2015 - 11-Jan-2015 at Portland, Oregon, USA.

This page will be updated regularly.

This page was last updated on 10th Oct, 2014

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